Volume 501, Number 1, July I 2009
|Page(s)||15 - 20|
|Section||Cosmology (including clusters of galaxies)|
|Published online||29 April 2009|
The fraction of quiescent massive galaxies in the early Universe
INAF – Osservatorio Astronomico di Roma, via Frascati 33, 00040 Monteporzio (RM), Italy e-mail: email@example.com
2 Dipartimento di Fisica, Università di Roma “La Sapienza”, P.le A. Moro 2, 00185 Roma, Italy
3 Department of Astronomy, University of Massachusetts, 710 North Pleasant Street, Amherst, MA 01003, USA
4 INAF – Osservatorio Astronomico di Trieste, via G.B. Tiepolo 11, 34131 Trieste, Italy
Accepted: 21 January 2009
Aims. We attempt to compile a complete, mass-selected sample of galaxies with low specific star-formation rates, and compare their properties with theoretical model predictions.
Methods. We use the flux ratio and the SED fitting to the m spectral distribution, to select quiescent galaxies from to in the GOODS-MUSIC sample. Our observational selection can be translated into thresholds in specific star-formation rate , which can be compared with theoretical predictions.
Results. In the framework of the well-known global decline in quiescent galaxy fraction with redshift, we find that a non-negligible fraction of massive galaxies with low specific star-formation rate exists up to , including a tail of “red and dead” galaxies with yr-1. Theoretical models vary to a large extent in their predictions for the fraction of galaxies with low specific star-formation rates, but are unable to provide a global match to our data.
Key words: galaxies: formation / galaxies: evolution / galaxies: high-redshift
© ESO, 2009
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