Volume 501, Number 1, July I 2009
|Page(s)||89 - 102|
|Published online||29 April 2009|
The X-ray view of giga-hertz peaked spectrum radio galaxies
European Space Astronomy Centre of ESA, PO Box 78, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28691 Madrid, Spain e-mail: Matteo.Guainazzi@sciops.esa.int
2 Institute of Technology, University of Linköping, 581 83 Linköping, Sweden
3 Harvard-Smithsonian Centre for Astrophysics, 60 Garden St., Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
4 Departamento de Astrofísica Molecular e Infrarroja, Instituto de Estructura de la Materia (CSIC), Madrid, Spain
5 H. H. Wills Physics Laboratory, University of Bristol, Tyndall Avenue, Bristol BS8 1TL, UK
6 Istituto di Astrofisica Spaziale e Fisica Cosmica-Bologna, INAF, via Gobetti 101, 40129 Bologna, Italy
7 Osservatorio Astronomico di Roma (INAF), via Frascati 33, 00040 Monteporzio Catone, Roma, Italy
Accepted: 11 March 2009
Context. This paper presents the X-ray properties of a flux- and volume-limited complete sample of 16 giga-hertz peaked spectrum (GPS) galaxies.
Aims. This study addresses three basic questions in our understanding of the nature and evolution of GPS sources: a) What is the physical origin of the X-ray emission in GPS galaxies? b) Which physical system is associated with the X-ray obscuration? c) What is the “endpoint” of the evolution of compact radio sources?
Methods. We discuss in this paper the results of the X-ray spectral analysis, and compare the X-ray properties of the sample sources with radio observables.
Results. We obtain a 100% (94%) detection fraction in the 0.5–2 keV (0.5–10 keV) energy band. GPS galaxy X-ray spectra are typically highly obscured ( cm-2; dex). The X-ray column density is larger than the HI column density measured in the radio by a factor 10 to 100. GPS galaxies lie well on the extrapolation to high radio powers of the correlation between radio and X-ray luminosity known in low-luminosity FR I radio galaxies. On the other hand, GPS galaxies exhibit a comparable X-ray luminosity to FR II radio galaxies, notwithstanding their much larger radio luminosity.
Conclusions. The X-ray to radio luminosity ratio distribution in our sample is consistent with the bulk of the high-energy emission being produced by the accretion disk, as well as with dynamical models of GPS evolution where X-rays are produced by Compton upscattering of ambient photons. Further support to the former scenario comes from the location of GPS galaxies in the X-ray to O[iii] luminosity ratio versus NH plane. We propose that GPS galaxies are young radio sources, which would reach their full maturity as classical FR II radio galaxies. However, column densities 1022 cm-2 could lead to a significant underestimate of dynamical age determinations based on the hotspot recession velocity measurements.
Key words: galaxies: jets / galaxies: active / X-rays: galaxies
© ESO, 2009
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