Volume 500, Number 3, June IV 2009
|Page(s)||1109 - 1118|
|Section||Interstellar and circumstellar matter|
|Published online||29 April 2009|
Rotational spectrum of 13C2-methyl formate (HCOO13CH3) and detection of the two 13C-methyl formate in Orion*
Departamento de Física Aplicada, Facultad de Ciencias Experimentales, Universidad de Huelva, 21071 Huelva, Spain e-mail: email@example.com
2 Laboratoire de Physique des Lasers, Atomes, et Molécules, UMR CNRS 8523, Université de Lille I, 59655 Villeneuve d'Ascq Cedex, France
3 Laboratory of Molecular Astrophysics, CAB-CSIC, INTA. Ctra. de Torrejón a Ajalvir, km 4, 28850 Torrejón de Ardoz, Madrid, Spain
4 Centre d'Étude Spatiale des Rayonnements, Université de Toulouse (UPS), CNRS, UMR 5187, 9 avenue du Colonel Roche, BP 44346, 31028 Toulouse, Cedex 4, France
5 Laboratoire Interuniversitaire des Systèmes Atmosphériques, UMR CNRS 7583, Université Paris 7 et Université Paris 12, 61 Av. Charles de Gaulle, 94010 Créteil Cedex, France
6 Sciences Chimiques de Rennes - École Nationale Supérieure de Chimie de Rennes - CNRS, 35708 Rennes Cedex 7, France
7 Centre for Theoretical and Computational Chemistry (CTCC), Department of Chemistry, University of Oslo, PO Box 1033 Blindern, 0315 Oslo, Norway
8 Institute of Radio Astronomy of NASU, Krasnoznamennaya 4, 61002 Kharkov, Ukraine
Accepted: 2 March 2009
Context. Laboratory measurements and analysis of the microwave and millimeter-wave spectra of potential interstellar molecules are a prerequisite for their subsequent identification by radioastronomical techniques. The spectral analysis provides spectroscopic parameters that are used in the assignment procedure of the laboratory spectra, and that also predict the frequencies of transitions not measured in the laboratory with a high degree of precision.
Aims. An experimental laboratory study and its theoretical analysis is presented for 13C2-methyl formate (HCOO13CH3) allowing a search for this isotopologue in the Orion molecular cloud. The 13C1-methyl formate (H13COOCH3) molecule was also searched for in this interstellar cloud, using previously published spectroscopic data.
Methods. The experimental spectra of 13C2-methyl formate were recorded in the microwave and sub-mm energy ranges (4–20 GHz, 8–80 GHz, 150–700 GHz). The spectra were analyzed using the Rho-Axis Method (RAM), which takes the CH3 internal rotation and the coupling between internal rotation and global rotation into account.
Results. Twenty-seven spectroscopic constants of 13C2-methyl formate have been obtained from a fit of 936 transitions of the ground torsional state with a standard (unitless) deviation of 1.08. A prediction of line positions and intensities is also produced. This prediction allowed us to identify 230 13C2-methyl formate lines in the Orion interstellar molecular cloud. We refitted all previously published ground state transitions of the 13C1-methyl formate molecule in order to provide a prediction of its ground state spectrum. 234 lines of 13C1-methyl formate were detected in the Orion interstellar cloud using that prediction.
Key words: line: identification / methods: data analysis / methods: laboratory / methods: observational / ISM: molecules / submillimeter
© ESO, 2009
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