Letter to the Editor
A slow bar in a dark matter dominated galaxy*
GÉPI, Observatoire de Paris, section Meudon, CNRS & Université Paris 7 UMR 8111, 5 pl. Janssen, 92195 Meudon, France e-mail: email@example.com
2 Université de Montréal, Département de Physique, succ. centre-ville, Montréal (QC), H3C3J7, Canada e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 22 April 2009
Aims. We report on an estimate of the bar pattern speed for the low surface brightness spiral galaxy UGC 628.
Methods. We applied the Tremaine-Weinberg method to high resolution Hα velocity and integrated emission maps of this dark matter dominated galaxy. Observations were made at the CFHT using the optical Fabry-Perot interferometer, FaNTOmM.
Results. The Tremaine-Weinberg method estimates a bar pattern speed of (11.3 ± 2.0) km s-1 kpc-1 for UGC 628, which is among the lowest values found for a spiral galaxy. The corotation radius Rc of the bar and the gaseous disc is kpc, implying a ratio of , where aB is the bar radius. The ratio is well beyond the usual range of values, 1.0 ≤ ≤ 1.4, found for fast bars of high surface brightness barred galaxies. This implies that the bar in UGC 628 is slow.
Conclusions. As shown through the use of numerical simulations, fast bars survive when the inner mass distribution of galaxies is dominated by the baryons over the dark matter. Our result suggests that the presence of slow bars in galaxies is likely related to the dominance of dark matter over the mass distribution.
Key words: galaxies: kinematics and dynamics / galaxies: spiral / galaxies: structure / galaxies: fundamental parameters / cosmology: dark matter
© ESO, 2009