Volume 499, Number 1, May III 2009
|Page(s)||21 - 29|
|Section||Cosmology (including clusters of galaxies)|
|Published online||12 March 2009|
Constraints on CDM cosmology from galaxy power spectrum, CMB and SNIa evolution
Laboratoire d'Astrophysique de Toulouse-Tarbes, Université de Toulouse, CNRS, 14 Avenue E. Belin, 31400 Toulouse, France e-mail: email@example.com
2 CENTRA, Departamento de Física, Edíficio Ciência, Instituto Superior Técnico, Av. Rovisco Pais 1, 1049-001 Lisboa, Porugal e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
3 LAPP, Université de Savoie, CNRS/IN2P3, Annecy-le-Vieux, France e-mail: email@example.com
Accepted: 4 February 2009
Aims. We examine the constraints that can be obtained on standard cold dark matter models from the most currently used data set: CMB anisotropies, type Ia supernovae and the SDSS luminous red galaxies. We also examine how these constraints are widened when the equation of state parameter w and the curvature parameter are left as free parameters. Finally, we investigate the impact on these constraints of a possible form of evolution in SNIa intrinsic luminosity.
Methods. We obtained our results from MCMC analysis using the full likelihood of each data set.
Results. For the ΛCDM model, our “vanilla” model, cosmological parameters are tightly constrained and consistent with current estimates from various methods. When the dark energy parameter w is free we find that the constraints remain mostly unchanged, i.e. changes are smaller than the 1 sigma uncertainties. Similarly, relaxing the assumption of a flat universe leads to nearly identical constraints on the dark energy density parameter of the universe , baryon density of the universe , the optical depth τ, the index of the power spectrum of primordial fluctuations nS, with most one sigma uncertainties better than 5%. More significant changes appear on other parameters: while preferred values are almost unchanged, uncertainties for the physical dark matter density , Hubble constant H0 and are typically twice as large. The constraint on the age of the Universe, which is very accurate for the vanilla model, is the most degraded. We found that different methodological approaches on large scale structure estimates lead to appreciable differences in preferred values and uncertainty widths. We found that possible evolution in SNIa intrinsic luminosity does not alter these constraints by much, except for w, for which the uncertainty is twice as large. At the same time, this possible evolution is severely constrained.
Conclusions. We conclude that systematic uncertainties for some estimated quantities are similar or larger than statistical ones.
Key words: cosmology: cosmological parameters / cosmology: observations
© ESO, 2009
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