Max-Planck-Institut für Astronomie, Königstuhl 17, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
2 Institute of Astronomy, Russian Academy of Sciences, Pyatnitskaya 48, Moscow 109117, Russia
3 IRAM, 300 rue de la piscine, 38406 Saint-Martin-d'Hères, France
4 Université Bordeaux 1, Laboratoire d'Astrophysique de Bordeaux (LAB), France
5 CNRS/INSU – UMR5804, BP 89, 33270 Floirac, France
6 Astrophysikalisches Institut und Universitäts-Sternwarte, Schillergässchen 2-3, 07745 Jena, Germany
Accepted: 18 November 2008
Context. The disk-outflow connection is thought to play a key role in extracting excess angular momentum from a forming proto-star. Although jet rotation has been observed in a few objects, no rotation of molecular outflows has been unambiguously reported so far.
Aims. We report new millimeter-interferometric observations of the edge-on T Tauri star – disk system in the isolated Bok globule CB 26. The aim of these observations was to study the disk-outflow relation in this 1 Myr old low-mass young stellar object.
Methods. The IRAM PdBI array was used to observe 12CO(2–1) at 1.3 mm in two configurations, resulting in spectral line maps with 1.5´´ resolution. We use an empirical parameterized steady-state outflow model combined with 2-D line radiative transfer calculations and -minimization in parameter space to derive a best-fit model and constrain parameters of the outflow.
Results. The data reveal a previously undiscovered collimated bipolar molecular outflow of total length ≈2000 AU, escaping perpendicular to the plane of the disk. We find peculiar kinematic signatures that suggest that the outflow is rotating with the same orientation as the disk. However, we could not ultimately exclude jet precession or two misaligned flows as possible origins of the observed peculiar velocity field. There is indirect indication that the embedded driving source is a binary system, which, together with the youth of the source, could provide a clue to the observed kinematic features of the outflow.
Conclusions. CB 26 is so far the most promising source in which to study the rotation of a molecular outflow. Assuming that the outflow is rotating, we compute and compare masses, mass flux, angular momenta, and angular momentum flux of the disk and outflow and derive disk dispersal timescales of Myr, comparable to the age of the system.
Key words: circumstellar matter / ISM: jets and outflows / stars: pre-main sequence / planetary systems: protoplanetary disks / ISM: molecules
Based on observations carried out with the IRAM Plateau de Bure Interferometer. IRAM is supported by INSU/CNRS (France), MPG (Germany) and IGN (Spain). Also based on observations collected at the Centro Astronómico Hispano Alemán (CAHA) at Calar Alto, operated jointly by the Max-Planck Institut für Astronomie and the Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía (CSIC).
© ESO, 2009