Faint solar radio structures from decametric observations
LESIA, Observatoire de Paris, CNRS, UPMC, Université Paris Diderot, 5 Place Jules Janssen, 92190 Meudon, France e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
2 Laboratoire de Physique et Technologie des Plasmas, Ecole Polytechnique, 91128 Palaiseau Cedex, France
3 Space Research Institute, Austrian Academy of Sciences, Schmiedlstrasse 6 8042 Graz, Austria
4 Institute of radio Astronomy, National Academy of Science of Ukraine, Ukraine
Accepted: 26 July 2008
Aims. Decameter radio observations of the solar corona reveal the presence of numerous faint frequency drifting emissions, similar to “solar S bursts” which are reported in the literature. We present a statistical analysis of the characteristics of these emissions and propose a mechanism to excite the Langmuir waves thought to be at the origin of these emissions.
Methods. The observations were performed between 1998 and 2002 with the Digital Spectro Polarimeter (DSP) receivers operated at the UTR-2 and Nançay decameter radio telescopes in the frequency range 15–30 MHz. Our theoretical explanation is based on Vlasov-Ampère simulations.
Results. Based on the frequency drift rate, three populations of structures can be identified. The largest population presents an average negative frequency drift of -0.9 MHz s-1 and a lifetime up to 11 s (median value of 2.72 s). A second population shows a very small frequency drift of -0.1 MHz s-1 and a short lifetime of about 1 s. The third population presents an average positive frequency drift of +0.95 MHz s-1 and a lifetime of up to 3 s. Also, the frequency drift as a function of frequency is consistent with the former results, which present results in higher frequency range. No specific relationship was found between the occurrence of these emissions and the solar cycle or presence of flares. Assuming that these emissions are produced by “electron clouds” propagating the solar corona, we deduce electron velocities of about 3–5 times the electron thermal velocity. As previously shown, a localized, time-dependent modulation of the electron distribution function (heating) leads to low velocity electron clouds (consistent with observations), which, in turn, can generate Langmuir waves and electromagnetic signals by nonlinear processes.
Key words: Sun: radio radiation / Sun: Corona / Sun: particle emission / methods: numerical
© ESO, 2008