Volume 489, Number 2, October II 2008
|Page(s)||825 - 827|
|Section||Celestial mechanics and astrometry|
|Published online||11 September 2008|
SSSPM J1102-3431 brown dwarf characterization from accurate proper motion and trigonometric parallax*
Instituto de Astronomia, Geofísica e Ciências Atmosféricas, Universidade de São Paulo, Rua do Matão, 1226 - Cidade Universitária, 05508-900 São Paulo SP, Brazil e-mail: email@example.com
2 Observatoire Aquitain des Sciences de l'Univers, CNRS-UMR 5804, BP 89, 33270 Floirac, France
3 Laboratoire d'Astrophysique, Observatoire de Grenoble, 414 rue de la piscine, 38400 Saint-Martin d'Hères, France
4 Spitzer Science Center, IPAC/Caltech, MS 220-6, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA
5 Department of Physics & Astronomy and Center for Astrobiology, University of California, Los Angeles, Box 951562, CA 90095, USA
Accepted: 13 June 2008
Context. In 2005, Scholz and collaborators discovered, in a proper motion survey, a young brown dwarf SSSPM J1102-3431 (SSSPM J1102) of spectral type M8.5, probable member of the TW Hydrae Association and possible companion of the T Tauri star TW Hya. The physical characterization of SSSPM J1102 was based on the hypothesis that it forms a binary system with TW Hya. The recent discovery of a probable giant planet with a very short-period inside the TW Hya protoplanetary disk, as well as a disk around SSSPM J1102, make it especially interesting and important to measure well the physical parameters of SSSPM J1102.
Aims. Trigonometric parallax and proper motion measurements of SSSPM J1102 are necessary to test for TWA membership and, thus, to determine the mass and age of this young brown dwarf and the possibility that it forms a wide binary system with TW Hya.
Methods. Two years of regular observations at the ESO NTT/SUSI2 telescope have enabled us to determine the trigonometric parallax and proper motion of SSSPM J1102.
Results. With our accurate distance determination of pc and proper motions of (-67.2,-14.0) ± 0.6 mas/yr, we could confirm SSSPM J1102 as a very probable member of TWA. Assuming the TW Hydrae association age of Myr, the evolutionary models compared to the photometry of this young brown dwarf indicate a mass of ± and an effective temperature ± 100 K.
Conclusions. Our parallax and proper motion determination allow us to precisely describe the physical properties of this low mass object and to confirm its TWA membership. Our results indicate that SSSPMJ1102 may be a very wide separation companion of the star TW Hya.
Key words: stars: low-mass, brown dwarfs / astrometry / stars: distances / stars: fundamental parameters / Galaxy: open clusters and associations: individual: TW Hya
© ESO, 2008
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