Volume 482, Number 2, May I 2008
|Page(s)||419 - 449|
|Section||Cosmology (including clusters of galaxies)|
|Published online||14 February 2008|
Redshifts, velocity dispersions, and substructure for clusters in the last 15 fields
Max-Planck-Institut für extraterrestrische Physik, Giessenbachstraße, 85748 Garching bei München, Germany
2 Dark Cosmology Centre, Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen, Juliane Maries Vej 30, 2100 Copenhagen Ø, Denmark e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
3 The Royal Library / Copenhagen University Library, Research Dept., Box 2149, 1016 Copenhagen K, Denmark
4 Observatoire Astronomique Marseille Provence, Laboratoire d'Astrophysique de Marseille, Traverse du Siphon, 13376 Marseille Cedex 12, France
5 Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri, Largo E. Fermi 5, 50125 Firenze, Italy
6 Osservatorio Astronomico di Padova, Vicolo dell'Osservatorio 5, 35122 Padova, Italy
7 Université de Genève, Laboratoire d'Astrophysique de l'École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL), Observatoire, 1290 Sauverny, Switzerland
8 School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Nottingham, University Park, Nottingham NG7 2RD, UK
9 Max-Planck-Institut für Astrophysik, Karl-Schwarzschild-Straße 1, 85748 Garching bei München, Germany
10 Laboratoire d'Astrophysique de Toulouse-Tarbes, CNRS, Université de Toulouse, 14 avenue Édouard Belin, 31400 Toulouse, France
11 New York University, 4 Washington Place, New York, NY 10003, USA
12 GEPI, CNRS-UMR8111, Observatoire de Paris, section de Meudon, 5 place Jules Janssen, 92195 Meudon Cedex, France
13 ICG, University of Portsmouth, Mercantile House, Hampshire Terrace, Portsmouth, PO1 2EG, UK
14 Ohio University, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Clippinger Labs 251B, Athens, OH 45701, USA
15 Department of Astronomy, University of Washington, Box 351580, Seattle WA 98195–1580, USA
16 NOAO, 950 North Cherry Avenue, Tucson AZ 85719, USA
17 Herzberg Institute of Astrophysics, National Research Council of Canada, 5071 West Saanich Road, Victoria, BC V9E 2E7, Canada
18 Steward Observatory, University of Arizona, 933 North Cherry Avenue, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA
Accepted: 22 January 2008
Aims. We present spectroscopic observations of galaxies in 15 survey fields as part of the ESO Distant Cluster Survey (EDisCS). We determine the redshifts and velocity dispersions of the galaxy clusters located in these fields, and we test for possible substructure in the clusters.
Methods. We obtained multi-object mask spectroscopy using the FORS2 instrument at the VLT. We reduced the data with particular attention to the sky subtraction. We implemented the method of Kelson for performing sky subtraction prior to any rebinning/interpolation of the data. From the measured galaxy redshifts, we determine cluster velocity dispersions using the biweight estimator and test for possible substructure in the clusters using the Dressler-Shectman test.
Results. The method of subtracting the sky prior to any rebinning/interpolation of the data delivers photon-noise-limited results, whereas the traditional method of subtracting the sky after the data have been rebinned/interpolated results in substantially larger noise for spectra from tilted slits. Redshifts for individual galaxies are presented and redshifts and velocity dispersions are presented for 21 galaxy clusters. For the 9 clusters with at least 20 spectroscopically confirmed members, we present the statistical significance of the presence of substructure obtained from the Dressler-Shectman test, and substructure is detected in two of the clusters.
Conclusions. Together with data from our previous paper, spectroscopy and spectroscopic velocity dispersions are now available for 26 EDisCS clusters with redshifts in the range 0.40-0.96 and velocity dispersions in the range .
Key words: galaxies: clusters: general / galaxies: distances and redshifts / galaxies: evolution
Based on observations collected at the European Southern Observatory, Chile, as part of large programme 166.A–0162 (the ESO Distant Cluster Survey).
© ESO, 2008
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