SNLS spectroscopy: testing for evolution in type Ia supernovae*
University of Oxford Astrophysics, Denys Wilkinson Building, Keble Road, Oxford OX1 3RH, UK e-mail: email@example.com
2 LPNHE, CNRS-IN2P3 and University of Paris VI & VII, 75005 Paris, France
3 Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Victoria, PO Box 3055, Victoria, BC V8W 3P6, Canada
4 LAM, BP 8, Traverse du Siphon, 13376 Marseille Cedex 12, France
5 Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of Toronto, 50 St. George Street, Toronto, ON M5S 3H4, Canada
6 CPPM, CNRS-Luminy, Case 907, 13288 Marseille Cedex 9, France
7 SRL California Institute of Technology, 1200 East California Blvd., Pasadena CA 91125, USA
8 CENTRA - Centro Multidisciplinar de Astrofísica, IST, Avenida Rovisco Pais, 1049 Lisbon, Portugal
9 University of California, Berkeley and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Mail Stop 50-232, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, 1 Cyclotron Road, Berkeley CA 94720, USA
Accepted: 31 July 2007
Aims.We present a quantitative study of a new data set of high redshift Type Ia supernovae spectra, observed at the Gemini telescopes during the first 34 months of the Supernova Legacy Survey. During this time 123 supernovae candidates were observed, of which 87 have been identified as SNe Ia at a median redshift of . Spectra from the entire second year of the survey and part of the third year (59 total SNe candidates with 46 confirmed SNe Ia) are published here for the first time. The spectroscopic measurements made on this data set are used determine if these distant SNe comprise a population similar to those observed locally.
Methods.Rest-frame equivalent width and ejection velocity measurements are made on four spectroscopic features. Corresponding measurements are presented for a set of 167 spectra from 24 low-z SNe Ia from the literature.
Results.We show that there exists a sample at high redshift with properties similar to nearby SNe. The high-z measurements are consistent with the range of measurements at low-z and no significant difference was found between the distributions of measurements at low and high redsift for three of the features. The fourth feature displays a possible difference that should be investigated further. Correlations between Type Ia SNe properties and host galaxy morphology were also found to be similar at low and high z, and within each host galaxy class we see no evidence for redshift-evolution in SN properties. A new correlation between SNe Ia peak magnitude and the equivalent width of SiII absorption is presented. Tests on a sub-set of the SNLS SNe demonstrates that this correlation reduces the scatter in SNe Ia luminosity distances in a manner consistent with the lightcurve shape-luminosity corrections that are used for Type Ia SNe cosmology.
Conclusions.We show that this new sample of SNLS SNe Ia has spectroscopic properties similar to nearby objects.
Key words: supernovae: general / cosmology: observations / surveys
© ESO, 2008