A comprehensive analysis of the cool RCB star DY Persei
Faculty of Physics and Mathematics, University of Latvia, Raiņa bulvāris 19, 1586 Rīga, Latvia e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
2 Graduate Institute of Astronomy, National Central University, Chung-Li 32054, ROC, Taiwan e-mail: email@example.com
3 Main Astronomical Observatory of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Golosiiv, 252650 Kiev, Ukraine e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
4 Special Astrophysical Observatory and Isaac Newton Institute of Chile, SAO Branch, 369167 Nizhnij Arkhyz, Russia e-mail: email@example.com
5 ICAMER, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 361605 Peak Terskol, Kabardino-Balkaria, Russia
Accepted: 4 June 2007
Context.Theoretically, the number of cool Galactic R Coronae Borealis stars (RCBs) should be greater than the warm RCBs, however to date, only a few candidates have been detected.
Aims.Observations of the extremely cool RCB candidate, DY Per, and the anonymous nearby star (the “Taipei star”) are presented to specify its fundamental parameters and evolutionary status.
Methods.CCD BVRI photometry and low-resolution spectroscopy at deep light decline was carried out in 2004. A high-resolution spectrum was gathered near the maximum light in 2002, and a qualitative analysis was made relative to the typical carbon stars of various types.
Results.Near the light maximums, the nearby anonymous star with a separation of ~25 reported by Začs et al. (2005a, A&A, 438, L13) was outshined by DY Per. However, in the B and V band the components are resolved at deep light decline and the nearby star is somewhat brighter in B than DY Per itself. individual magnitudes of the components were estimated using PSF photometry for the first time. The light decline in 2004 was the deepest ever observed for DY Per, mag. The individual colour indices of DY Per at light decline, and 1.9, are not typical for carbon stars. In the spectrum, absorption features of C2 and CN molecules prevail, however, prominent C2 absorption bands are significantly veiled at deep-light decline and a broad (FWHM ~ 600 km s-1) emission feature of Na i D12 is visible. Emissions are suspected in the C2 (1,0) bandhead and in Ca i line at 4227 Å. Analysis of DY Per relative to the sample of carbon stars, verifies the significant hydrogen deficiency, high carbon abundance, relatively high 12C/13C ratio and solar metallicity. Thus DY Per could be a prototype of cool extreme Galactic RCBs. The nearby star does not vary appreciably in the B and V bands, mag. With the observed colour indices and 0.6, it may be a G0 dwarf not physically related to DY Per, although the distances to both stars are similar, d ~ 1.5 kpc.
Key words: stars: carbon / stars: winds, outflows / stars: fundamental parameters / stars: circumstellar matter / stars: individual: DY Per / stars: evolution
© ESO, 2007