ESO, Karl-Schwarzschild-Strasse 2, 85748 Garching, Germany e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
2 Dept. of Astronomy, Stockholm University, AlbaNova, 106 91 Stockholm, Sweden
Accepted: 31 May 2007
Context.SN 1987A in the Large Magellanic Cloud is close enough for a study of the very late time evolution of a supernova and its transition to a supernova remnant. Nearly two decades after explosion we are witnessing the supernova shock wave engaging the inner circumstellar ring, which had been fluorescing since being ionised by the soft X-ray flash from shock breakout.
Aims.We follow the interaction of the supernova shock with the ring material. The spatially resolved information provides us with insight into the individual shock regions around the ring.
Methods.Near-infrared integral field spectroscopy observations with SINFONI/VLT of the SN-ring interaction is presented. SINFONI's adaptive optics supported integral field spectrograph spatially resolves the ring and the data thus we obtain a better spatial understanding of the spectrum in different regions of the object.
Results.With a dynamical map of the interacting ring we determine parameters for its geometry. Since most of the IR emission lines originate behind the shock front we obtain an indication of the radial velocity of the shocked material after deconvolving the geometry. The ring geometry is consistent with a circle and we also derive a new, independent measurement of the systemic ring, and presumably also supernova, velocity. We find from the spatial distributions of the flux in the different emission lines the degree of cooling in the shocked material and follows the increases observed in the radio and X-rays. Emission from the ejecta is detected only in the strongest  lines.
Key words: stars: supernovae: individual: SN 1987A / stars: circumstellar matter
© ESO, 2007