Volume 468, Number 3, June IV 2007Extended baselines for the IRAM Plateau de Bure interferometer: First results
|Page(s)||849 - 858|
|Section||Cosmology (including clusters of galaxies)|
|Published online||11 April 2007|
Possible non-thermal nature of the soft-excess emission in the cluster of galaxies Sérsic 159-03*
SRON Netherlands Institute for Space Research, Sorbonnelaan 2, 3584 CA Utrecht, The Netherlands e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
2 Astronomical Institute, Utrecht University, PO Box 80000, 3508 TA Utrecht, The Netherlands
3 Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, JAXA, 3-1-1 Yoshinodai, Sagamihara, Kanagawa 229-8510, Japan
4 Department of Physics, University of Alabama, Huntsville, AL 35899, USA
Accepted: 3 April 2007
We present an analysis of new Suzaku data and archival data from XMM-Newton of the cluster of galaxies Sérsic 159-03, which has a strong soft X-ray excess emission component. The Suzaku observation confirms the presence of the soft excess emission, but it does not confirm the presence of redshifted lines in the cluster. Radial profiles and 2D maps derived from XMM-Newton observations show that the soft excess emission has a strong peak at the position of the central cD galaxy and the maps do not show any significant azimuthal variations. Although the soft excess emission can be fitted equally well with both thermal and non-thermal models, its spatial distribution is neither consistent with the models of intercluster warm-hot filaments, nor with models of clumpy warm intracluster gas associated with infalling groups. Using the data obtained by the XMM-Newton Reflection Grating Spectrometers we do not confirm the presence of the warm gas in the cluster centre with the expected properties assuming the soft excess is of thermal origin. The observed properties of the soft excess emission are consistent with the non-thermal interpretation. While the high density of relativistic electrons associated with the peak of the soft emission in the cluster centre might have been provided by an active galactic nucleus in the central cD galaxy, the underlying population might have been accelerated in diffuse shocks.
Key words: galaxies: clusters: general / galaxies: clusters: individual: Sérsic 159-03 / X-rays: galaxies: clusters
© ESO, 2007
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