RASS-SDSS galaxy cluster survey
VII. On the cluster mass-to-light ratio and the halo occupation distribution
European Southern Observatory, Karl Scharzschild Strasse 2, 85748 Garching, Germany e-mail: email@example.com
2 INAF – Osservatorio Astronomico di Trieste, via G.B. Tiepolo 11, 34131 Trieste, Italy
3 Max-Planck-Institut für Extraterrestrische Physik, 85748 Garching, Germany
Accepted: 8 June 2006
Aims. We explore the mass-to-light ratio in galaxy clusters and its relation to the cluster mass.
Methods.We study the relations among the optical luminosity (Lop), the cluster mass (M200) and the number of cluster galaxies within r200 (Ngal) in a sample of 217 galaxy clusters with confirmed 3D overdensity. We correct for projection effect, by determining the galaxy surface number density profile in our cluster sample. This is best fitted by a cored King profile in low and intermediate mass systems. The core radius decreases with cluster mass, and, for the highest mass clusters, the profile is better represented by a generalized King profile or a cuspy Navarro, Frenk & White profile.
Results.We find a very tight proportionality between Lop and Ngal, which, in turn, links the cluster mass-to-light ratio to the Halo Occupation Distribution Ngal vs. M200. After correcting for projection effects, the slope of the and relations is found to be , close, but still significantly less than unity. We show that the non-linearity of these relations cannot be explained by variations of the galaxy luminosity distributions and of the galaxy with the cluster mass.
Conclusions.We suggest that the nonlinear relation between number of galaxies and cluster mass reflects an underlying nonlinear relation between number of subhaloes and halo mass.
Key words: galaxies: clusters: general / galaxies: luminosity function, mass function
© ESO, 2007