Volume 433, Number 2, April II 2005
|Page(s)||431 - 445|
|Section||Cosmology (including clusters of galaxies)|
|Published online||22 March 2005|
RASS-SDSS galaxy cluster survey
III. Scaling relations of galaxy clusters
Max-Planck-Institut fur extraterrestrische Physik, 85748 Garching, Germany e-mail: email@example.com
2 INAF - Osservatorio Astronomico di Trieste, via G. B. Tiepolo 11, 34131 Trieste, Italy
3 European Southern Observatory, Karl Scharzschildstr. 2, Garching b. München, Germany
Accepted: 16 November 2004
We use the RASS-SDSS galaxy cluster sample to compare the quality of optical and X-ray luminosities as predictors of other cluster properties such as their masses, temperatures, and velocity dispersions. We use the SDSS spectroscopic data to estimate the velocity dispersions and the virial masses of a subsample of 69 clusters within r500 and r200. The ASCA temperature of the intra-cluster medium, TX, is retrieved from the literature for a subsample of 49 clusters. For this subsample we estimate the cluster masses also by using the mass-temperature relation. We show that the optical luminosity, , correlates with the cluster mass much better than the X-ray luminosity, LX. Lop can be used to estimate the cluster mass with an accuracy of 40% while LX can predict the mass only with a 55% accuracy. We show that correcting LX for the effect of a cool core at the center of a cluster lowers the scatter of the relation only by 3%. We find that the scatter observed in the relation is determined by the scatter of the relation. The mass-to-light ratio in the SDSS i band clearly increases with the cluster mass with a slope . The optical and X-ray luminosities correlate in an excellent way with both TX and with an orthogonal scatter of 20% in both relations. Moreover, Lop and LX can predict variables with the same accuracy both. We conclude that the cluster optical luminosity is a key cluster parameter since it can give important information about fundamental cluster properties such as the mass, the velocity dispersion, and the temperature of the intra-cluster medium.
Key words: X-rays: galaxies: clusters / surveys
© ESO, 2005
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