Volume 585, January 2016
|Number of page(s)||10|
|Section||Cosmology (including clusters of galaxies)|
|Published online||13 January 2016|
The amazing diversity in the hot gas content of an X-ray unbiased massive galaxy clusters sample
INAF–Osservatorio Astronomico di Brera, via Brera 28,
2 Dip. di Fisica, Università degli Studi di Milano, via Celoria 16, 20133 Milano, Italy
Received: 21 September 2015
Accepted: 10 November 2015
We aim to determine the intrinsic variety, at a given mass, of the properties of the intracluster medium in clusters of galaxies. This requires a cluster sample selected independently of the intracluster medium content for which reliable masses and subsequent X-ray data can be obtained. We present one such sample, consisting of 34 galaxy clusters selected independently of their X-ray properties in the nearby (0.050 < z < 0.135) Universe and mostly with 14 < log M500/M⊙ ≲ 14.5, where masses are dynamically estimated. We collected the available X-ray observations from the archives and then observed the remaining clusters with the low-background Swift X-ray telescope, which is extremely useful for sampling a cluster population expected to have low surface brightness. We found that clusters display a large range (up to a factor 50) in X-ray luminosities within r500 at a given mass, whether or not the central emission (r < 0.15 r500) is excised, unveiling a wider cluster population than seen in Sunayev-Zeldovich surveys or inferred from the population seen in X-ray surveys. The measured dispersion is 0.5 dex in LX at a given mass.
Key words: galaxies: clusters: intracluster medium / X-rays: galaxies: clusters / galaxies: clusters: general / methods: statistical
© ESO, 2016
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