EDP Sciences
AMBER: Instrument description and first astrophysical results
Press Release
Free Access
Volume 464, Number 1, March II 2007
AMBER: Instrument description and first astrophysical results
Page(s) 73 - 79
DOI https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361:20065410
Published online 05 December 2006

A&A 464, 73-79 (2007)
DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361:20065410

An asymmetry detected in the disk of $\kappa$ Canis Majoris with AMBER/VLTI

A. Meilland1, F. Millour2, 3, P. Stee1, A. Domiciano de Souza2, 1, R.G. Petrov2, D. Mourard1, S. Jankov2, S. Robbe-Dubois2, A. Spang1, E. Aristidi2, P. Antonelli1, U. Beckmann4, Y. Bresson1, A. Chelli3, M. Dugué1, G. Duvert3, S. Gennari5, L. Glück3, P. Kern3, S. Lagarde1, E. Le Coarer3, F. Lisi5, F. Malbet3, K. Perraut3, P. Puget3, F. Rantakyrö6, A. Roussel1, E. Tatulli3, 5, G. Weigelt4, G. Zins3, M. Accardo5, B. Acke3, 7, K. Agabi2, E. Altariba3, B. Arezki3, C. Baffa5, J. Behrend4, T. Blöcker4, S. Bonhomme1, S. Busoni5, F. Cassaing8, J.-M. Clausse1, J. Colin1, C. Connot4, A. Delboulbé3, T. Driebe4, P. Feautrier3, D. Ferruzzi5, T. Forveille3, E. Fossat2, R. Foy9, D. Fraix-Burnet3, A. Gallardo3, E. Giani5, C. Gil3, 10, A. Glentzlin1, M. Heiden4, M. Heininger4, O. Hernandez Utrera3, K.-H. Hofmann4, D. Kamm1, M. Kiekebusch6, S. Kraus4, D. Le Contel1, J.-M. Le Contel1, T. Lesourd11, B. Lopez1, M. Lopez11, Y. Magnard3, A. Marconi5, G. Mars1, G. Martinot-Lagarde11, 1, P. Mathias1, P. Mège3, J.-L. Monin3, D. Mouillet3, 12, E. Nussbaum4, K. Ohnaka4, J. Pacheco1, C. Perrier3, Y. Rabbia1, S. Rebattu1, F. Reynaud13, A. Richichi14, A. Robini2, M. Sacchettini3, D. Schertl4, M. Schöller6, W. Solscheid4, P. Stefanini5, M. Tallon9, I. Tallon-Bosc9, D. Tasso1, L. Testi5, F. Vakili2, O. von der Lühe15, J.-C. Valtier1, M. Vannier2, 6, 16, and N. Ventura3

1  Laboratoire Gemini, UMR 6203 Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur/CNRS, BP 4229, 06304 Nice Cedex 4, France
2  Laboratoire Universitaire d'Astrophysique de Nice, UMR 6525 Université de Nice - Sophia Antipolis/CNRS, Parc Valrose, 06108 Nice Cedex 2, France
3  Laboratoire d'Astrophysique de Grenoble, UMR 5571 Université Joseph Fourier/CNRS, BP 53, 38041 Grenoble Cedex 9, France
4  Max-Planck-Institut für Radioastronomie, Auf dem Hügel 69, 53121 Bonn, Germany
5  INAF-Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri, Istituto Nazionale di Astrofisica, Largo E. Fermi 5, 50125 Firenze, Italy
6  European Southern Observatory, Casilla 19001, Santiago 19, Chile
7  Instituut voor Sterrenkunde, KU-Leuven, Celestijnenlaan 200D, 3001 Leuven, Belgium
8  ONERA/DOTA, 29 av de la Division Leclerc, BP 72, 92322 Chatillon Cedex, France
9  Centre de Recherche Astronomique de Lyon, UMR 5574 Université Claude Bernard/CNRS, 9 avenue Charles André, 69561 Saint Genis Laval Cedex, France
10  Centro de Astrofísica da Universidade do Porto, Rua das Estrelas, 4150-762 Porto, Portugal
11  Division Technique INSU/CNRS UPS 855, 1 place Aristide Briand, 92195 Meudon Cedex, France
12  Laboratoire Astrophysique de Toulouse, UMR 5572 Université Paul Sabatier/CNRS, BP 826, 65008 Tarbes Cedex, France
13  IRCOM, UMR 6615 Université de Limoges/CNRS, 123 avenue Albert Thomas, 87060 Limoges Cedex, France
14  European Southern Observatory, Karl Schwarzschild Strasse 2, 85748 Garching, Germany
15  Kiepenheuer Institut für Sonnenphysik, Schöneckstr. 6, 79104 Freiburg, Germany
16  Departamento de Astronomia, Universidad de Chile, Chile

(Received 11 April 2006 / Accepted 25 October 2006 )

Aims.We study the geometry and kinematics of the circumstellar environment of the Be star $\kappa$ CMa in the Br$\gamma$ emission line and its nearby continuum.
Methods.We use the AMBER/VLTI instrument operating in the K band, which provides a spatial resolution of about 6 mas with a spectral resolution of 1500, to study the kinematics within the disk and to infer its rotation law. To obtain more kinematical constraints we also use a high spectral resolution Pa$\beta$ line profile obtain in December 2005 at the Observatorio do Pico do Dios, Brazil and we compile V/R line profile variations and spectral energy distribution data points from the literature.
Results.Using differential visibilities and differential phases across the Br$\gamma$ line we detect an asymmetry in the disk. Moreover, we found that $\kappa$ CMa seems difficult to fit within the classical scenario for Be stars, illustrated recently by $\alpha$ Arae observations, i.e. a fast rotating B star close to its breakup velocity surrounded by a Keplerian circumstellar disk with an enhanced polar wind. We discuss the possibility that $\kappa$ CMa is a critical rotator with a Keplerian rotating disk and examine whether if the detected asymmetry can be interpreted within the "one-armed" viscous disk framework.

Key words: techniques: high angular resolution -- techniques: interferometric -- stars: emission-line, Be  -- stars: individual: Keplerian rotation -- stars: individual: $\kappa$ CMa -- stars: circumstellar matter

© ESO 2007

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