EDP Sciences
AMBER: Instrument description and first astrophysical results
Press Release
Free Access
Volume 464, Number 1, March II 2007
AMBER: Instrument description and first astrophysical results
Page(s) 29 - 42
DOI https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361:20064799
Published online 20 February 2007

A&A 464, 29-42 (2007)
DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361:20064799

Interferometric data reduction with AMBER/VLTI. Principle, estimators, and illustration

E. Tatulli1, 2, F. Millour1, 3, A. Chelli1, G. Duvert1, B. Acke1, 4, O. Hernandez Utrera1, K.-H. Hofmann5, S. Kraus5, F. Malbet1, P. Mège1, R.G. Petrov3, M. Vannier3, 6, 7, G. Zins1, P. Antonelli8, U. Beckmann5, Y. Bresson8, M. Dugué8, S. Gennari2, L. Glück1, P. Kern1, S. Lagarde8, E. Le Coarer1, F. Lisi2, K. Perraut1, P. Puget1, F. Rantakyrö6, S. Robbe-Dubois3, A. Roussel8, G. Weigelt5, M. Accardo2, K. Agabi3, E. Altariba1, B. Arezki1, E. Aristidi3, C. Baffa2, J. Behrend5, T. Blöcker5, S. Bonhomme8, S. Busoni2, F. Cassaing9, J.-M. Clausse8, J. Colin8, C. Connot5, A. Delboulbé1, A. Domiciano de Souza3, 8, T. Driebe5, P. Feautrier1, D. Ferruzzi2, T. Forveille1, E. Fossat3, R. Foy10, D. Fraix-Burnet1, A. Gallardo1, E. Giani2, C. Gil1, 11, A. Glentzlin8, M. Heiden5, M. Heininger5, D. Kamm8, M. Kiekebusch6, D. Le Contel8, J.-M. Le Contel8, T. Lesourd12, B. Lopez8, M. Lopez12, Y. Magnard1, A. Marconi2, G. Mars8, G. Martinot-Lagarde8, 12, P. Mathias8, J.-L. Monin1, D. Mouillet1, 13, D. Mourard8, E. Nussbaum5, K. Ohnaka5, J. Pacheco8, C. Perrier1, Y. Rabbia8, S. Rebattu8, F. Reynaud14, A. Richichi15, A. Robini3, M. Sacchettini1, D. Schertl5, M. Schöller6, W. Solscheid5, A. Spang8, P. Stee8, P. Stefanini2, M. Tallon10, I. Tallon-Bosc10, D. Tasso8, L. Testi2, F. Vakili3, O. von der Lühe16, J.-C. Valtier8, and N. Ventura1

1  Laboratoire d'Astrophysique de Grenoble, UMR 5571 Université Joseph Fourier/CNRS, BP 53, 38041 Grenoble Cedex 9, France
2  INAF-Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri, Istituto Nazionale di Astrofisica, Largo E. Fermi 5, 50125 Firenze, Italy
3  Laboratoire Universitaire d'Astrophysique de Nice, UMR 6525 Université de Nice - Sophia Antipolis/CNRS, Parc Valrose, 06108 Nice Cedex 2, France
4  Instituut voor Sterrenkunde, KU-Leuven, Celestijnenlaan 200D, 3001 Leuven, Belgium
5  Max-Planck-Institut für Radioastronomie, Auf dem Hügel 69, 53121 Bonn, Germany
6  European Southern Observatory, Casilla 19001, Santiago 19, Chile
7  Departamento de Astronomia, Universidad de Chile, Chile
8  Laboratoire Gemini, UMR 6203 Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur/CNRS, BP 4229, 06304 Nice Cedex 4, France
9  ONERA/DOTA, 29 av de la Division Leclerc, BP 72, 92322 Chatillon Cedex, France
10  Centre de Recherche Astronomique de Lyon, UMR 5574 Université Claude Bernard/CNRS, 9 avenue Charles André, 69561 Saint Genis Laval Cedex, France
11  Centro de Astrofísica da Universidade do Porto, Rua das Estrelas, 4150-762 Porto, Portugal
12  Division Technique INSU/CNRS UPS 855, 1 place Aristide Briand, 92195 Meudon Cedex, France
13  Laboratoire Astrophysique de Toulouse, UMR 5572 Université Paul Sabatier/CNRS, BP 826, 65008 Tarbes Cedex, France
14  IRCOM, UMR 6615 Université de Limoges/CNRS, 123 avenue Albert Thomas, 87060 Limoges Cedex, France
15  European Southern Observatory, Karl Schwarzschild Strasse 2, 85748 Garching, Germany
16  Kiepenheuer Institut für Sonnenphysik, Schöneckstr. 6, 79104 Freiburg, Germany

( Received 2 January 2006 / Accepted 1 March 2006 )

Aims.In this paper, we present an innovative data reduction method for single-mode interferometry. It has been specifically developed for the AMBER instrument, the three-beam combiner of the Very Large Telescope Interferometer, but it can be derived for any single-mode interferometer.
Methods.The algorithm is based on a direct modelling of the fringes in the detector plane. As such, it requires a preliminary calibration of the instrument in order to obtain the calibration matrix that builds the linear relationship between the interferogram and the interferometric observable, which is the complex visibility. Once the calibration procedure has been performed, the signal processing appears to be a classical least-square determination of a linear inverse problem. From the estimated complex visibility, we derive the squared visibility, the closure phase, and the spectral differential phase.
Results.The data reduction procedures have been gathered into the so-called amdlib software, now available for the community, and are presented in this paper. Furthermore, each step in this original algorithm is illustrated and discussed from various on-sky observations conducted with the VLTI, with a focus on the control of the data quality and the effective execution of the data reduction procedures. We point out the present limited performances of the instrument due to VLTI instrumental vibrations which are difficult to calibrate.

Key words: technique: interferometric -- methods: data analysis -- instrumentation: interferometers

© ESO 2007

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