Volume 446, Number 1, January IV 2006
|Page(s)||61 - 69|
|Published online||09 January 2006|
Hydrostatic models for the rotation of extra-planar gas in disk galaxies
Kapteyn Astronomical Institute, University of Groningen, PO Box 800, 9700 AV Groningen, The Netherlands e-mail: M.Barnabe@astro.rug.nl
2 Dipartimento di Astronomia, Università di Bologna, via Ranzani 1, 40127 Bologna, Italy
3 Theoretical Physics, University of Oxford, 1 Keble Road, Oxford, OX1 3NP, UK
4 INAF-Osservatorio Astronomico di Bologna, via Ranzani 1, 40127 Bologna, Italy
Accepted: 25 August 2005
We show that fluid stationary models are able to reproduce the observed negative vertical gradient of the rotation velocity of the extra-planar gas in spiral galaxies. We have constructed models based on the simple condition that the pressure of the medium does not depend on density alone (baroclinic instead of barotropic solutions: isodensity and isothermal surfaces do not coincide). As an illustration, we have successfully applied our method to reproduce the observed velocity gradient of the lagging gaseous halo of NGC 891. The fluid stationary models discussed here can describe a hot homogeneous medium as well as a “gas” made of discrete, cold clouds with an isotropic velocity dispersion distribution. Although the method presented here generates a density and velocity field consistent with observational constraints, the stability of these configurations remains unresolved.
Key words: galaxies: general / galaxies: halo / galaxies: individual: NGC 891 / galaxies: kinematics and dynamics / galaxies: structure / ISM: kinematics and dynamics
© ESO, 2006
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