Volume 444, Number 1, December II 2005
|Page(s)||201 - 211|
|Section||Stellar structure and evolution|
|Published online||21 November 2005|
Tracing the spiral arms in IP Pegasi
Departamento de Física, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Campus Trindade, 88040-900, Florianópolis, SC, Brazil e-mail: email@example.com
2 Department of Astrophysics, Radboud University Nijmegen, 6500 GL Nijmegen, The Netherlands e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
3 Institute of Space Applications and Remote Sensing, National Observatory of Athens, PO Box 20048, Athens 118 10, Greece
4 Department of Physics, University of Warwick, Coventry CV4 7AL, UK e-mail: T.R.Marsh@warwick.ac.uk
5 High Energy Astrophysics Division, Center for Astrophysics, MS-67, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA e-mail: email@example.com
Accepted: 1 July 2005
We report the analysis of time-resolved spectroscopy of IP Pegasi in outburst with eclipse mapping techniques to investigate the location and geometry of the observed spiral structures. We were able to obtain an improved view of the spiral structures with the aid of light curves extracted in velocity bins matching the observed range of velocities of the spiral arms combined with a double default map tailored for reconstruction of asymmetric structures. Two-armed spiral structures are clearly seen in all eclipse maps. The arms are located at different distances from the disc centre. The “blue” arm is farther out in the disc () than the “red” arm (). There is evidence that the velocity of the emitting gas along the spiral pattern is lower than the Keplerian velocity for the same disc radius. The discrepancy is smaller in the outer arm (measured velocities 10–15 per cent lower than Keplerian) and is more significant in the inner arm (observed velocities up to 40 per cent lower than Keplerian). We measured the opening angle of the spirals from the azimuthal intensity distribution of the eclipse maps to be . A comparison with similar measurements on data at different outburst stages reveals that the opening angle of the spiral arms in IP Peg decreases while the outbursting accretion disc cools and shrinks, in agreement with the expected evolution of a tidally driven spiral wave. The sub-Keplerian velocities along the spiral pattern and the clear correlation between the opening angle of the spirals and the outburst stage favors the interpretation of these asymmetric structures as tidally-induced spiral shocks.
Key words: stars: novae, cataclysmic variables / stars: individual: IP Pegasi / accretion, accretion disks / shock waves / line: formation / techniques: spectroscopic
© ESO, 2005
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