Volume 579, July 2015
|Number of page(s)||9|
|Section||Stellar structure and evolution|
|Published online||01 July 2015|
Exploring inside-out Doppler tomography: non-magnetic cataclysmic variables
1 South African Astronomical Observatory, PO Box 9, Observatory 7935, 7925 Cape Town, South Africa
2 Astrophysics, Cosmology and Gravity Centre (ACGC), Department of Astronomy, University of Cape Town, Private Bag X3, 7701 Rondebosch, South Africa
Received: 22 April 2015
Accepted: 25 May 2015
Context. Doppler tomography is a technique that has revolutionised the interpretation of the phase-resolved spectroscopic observations of interacting binary systems.
Aims. We present the results of our investigation of reversing the velocity axis to create an inside-out Doppler coordinate framework with the intent to expose overly compacted and enhance washed out emission details in the standard Doppler framework.
Methods. The inside-out tomogram is constructed independently of the standard tomogram by directly projecting phase-resolved spectra onto an inside-out velocity coordinate frame. For the inside-out framework, the zero-velocity origin is transposed to the outer circumference and the maximum velocities to the origin of the velocity space. We test the technique on a simulated system and two real systems with easily identifiable features, namely the accretion disc and bright spot in WZ Sge, and spiral shocks in IP Peg.
Results. Our tests show that there is a redistribution of the relative brightness of emission components throughout the tomograms, i.e., where the standard framework tends to concentrate and enhance lower velocity features towards the origin, the inside-out velocity framework tends to concentrate and enhance higher velocity features towards the origin. Conversely, the standard framework disperses and smears the higher velocities farther away from the origin whereas the inside-out framework disperses and smears the lower velocities. In addition, the projection of the accretion disc in velocity space now appears correctly orientated with the inner edge close to the maximum velocity origin and its outer edge closer to the zero-velocity outer circumference. Furthermore, the gas stream and secondary star are projected on the outside of the disc with the bright spot of the stream-disc impact region on the disc’s outer edge in the inside-out velocity space.
Conclusions. We conclude that inside-out Doppler tomography complements the already powerful tomographic techniques in the analysis of spectroscopic emissions from interacting binary systems.
Key words: accretion, accretion disks / techniques: spectroscopic / binaries: close / novae, cataclysmic variables
© ESO, 2015
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