Volume 437, Number 1, July I 2005
|Page(s)||39 - 48|
|Section||Cosmology (including clusters of galaxies)|
|Published online||10 June 2005|
Strong and weak lensing united
I. The combined strong and weak lensing cluster mass reconstruction method
Institut für Astrophysik und Extraterrestrische Forschung, Auf dem Hügel 71, 53121 Bonn, Germany e-mail: email@example.com
2 Max-Planck-Institut für Radioastronomie, Auf dem Hügel 69, 53121 Bonn, Germany
3 KIPAC, Stanford University, 2575 Sand Hill Road, Menlo Park, CA 94025, USA
4 European Southern Observatory, Karl-Schwarzschild-Str. 2, 85748 Garching bei München, Germany
5 Università degli Studi di Milano, v. Celoria 16, 20133 Milano, Italy
Accepted: 3 March 2005
Weak gravitational lensing is considered to be one of the most powerful tools to study the mass and the mass distribution of galaxy clusters. However, the mass-sheet degeneracy transformation has limited its success. We present a novel method for a cluster mass reconstruction which combines weak and strong lensing information on common scales and can, as a consequence, break the mass-sheet degeneracy. We extend the weak lensing formalism to the inner parts of the cluster and combine it with the constraints from multiple image systems. We demonstrate the feasibility of the method with simulations, finding an excellent agreement between the input and reconstructed mass also on scales within and beyond the Einstein radius. Using a single multiple image system and photometric redshift information of the background sources used for weak and strong lensing analysis, we find that we are effectively able to break the mass-sheet degeneracy, therefore removing one of the main limitations on cluster mass estimates. We conclude that with high resolution (e.g. HST) imaging data the method can more accurately reconstruct cluster masses and their profiles than currently existing lensing techniques.
Key words: cosmology: dark matter / galaxies: clusters: general / gravitational lensing
© ESO, 2005
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