Volume 430, Number 3, February II 2005
|979 - 985
|Interstellar and circumstellar matter
|26 January 2005
Polarized dust emission of magnetized molecular cloud cores
Centro de Astronomia e Astrofísica da Universidade de Lisboa, Tapada da Ajuda, 1349-018 Lisboa, Portugal
2 INAF – Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri, Largo E. Fermi 5, 50125 Firenze, Italy e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 7 October 2004
We compute polarization maps for molecular cloud cores modeled as magnetized singular isothermal toroids, under the assumption that the emitting dust grains are aspherical and aligned with the large-scale magnetic field. We show that, depending on the inclination of the toroid with the line-of-sight, the bending of the magnetic field lines resulting from the need to counteract the inward pull of gravity naturally produces a depolarization effect toward the centre of the map. We compute the decrease of polarization degree with increasing intensity for different viewing angles and frequencies, and we show that an outward increasing temperature gradient, as expected in starless cores heated by the external radiation field, enhances the decrease of polarization. We compare our results with recent observations, and we conclude that this geometrical effect, together with other mechanisms of depolarization, may significantly contribute to the decrease of polarization degrees with intensity observed in the majority of molecular cloud cores. Finally, we consider the dependence of the polarization degree on the dust temperature gradient predicted for externally heated clouds, and we briefly comment on the limits of the Chandrasekhar-Fermi formula to estimate the magnetic field strength in molecular cloud cores.
Key words: ISM: clouds / ISM: dust, extinction / magnetic fields / polarization
© ESO, 2005
Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.
Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.
Initial download of the metrics may take a while.