Volume 645, January 2021
|Number of page(s)||11|
|Section||Interstellar and circumstellar matter|
|Published online||29 January 2021|
Constraining the magnetic field properties of Bok globule B335 using SOFIA/HAWC+
University of Kiel, Institute of Theoretical Physics and Astrophysics,
Accepted: 26 November 2020
Thanks to their well-defined shape and mostly isolated locations, Bok globules are suitable objects for studying the physics of low-mass star formation. To study the magnetic field of the prototypical Bok globule B335, we obtained a spatially resolved polarization map with SOFIA/HAWC+ at a wavelength of 214 μm. For the first time, these observations reveal that polarization holes in Bok globules, that is, the decrease in polarization degree towards their dense centers, also occur in the far-infrared wavelength regime. The observed polarization pattern is uniform with a mean polarization angle of 48° ± 26° and a magnetic field strength of ~142 μG. Moreover, we use complementary polarimetic data for B335 obtained at near-infrared to millimeter wavelengths to analyze and constrain the magnetic field across different scales. By applying the 3D Monte-Carlo radiative transfer code POLARIS, we developed a model for the density and magnetic field structure as well as for the dust properties of this globule. We conclude that the column density towards the center of B335 is too low to cause the observed polarization hole in B335 via dichroic absorption. Furthermore, we conclude that the effect of self-scattering has no significant impact on the observed polarization. Adopting dust-grain alignment via the radiative torque mechanism, a combination of the interstellar radiation field and the central star as radiation sources is consistent with the decrease in polarization degree at the outer regions of B335 (≈104 au from the core). However, the model fails to explain the low polarization degree within the inner 5000 au.
Key words: magnetic fields / polarization / radiative transfer / techniques: polarimetric / ISM: magnetic fields / ISM: individual objects: B335
© ESO 2021
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