Magnetic activity in late-type giant stars: Numerical MHD simulations of non-linear dynamo action in Betelgeuse
The Niels Bohr Institute for Astronomy, Physics and Geophysics, Juliane Maries Vej 30, 2100 Copenhagen Ø, Denmark e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 10 May 2004
Evidence is presented from numerical magneto-hydrodynamical simulations for the existence of magnetic activity in late-type giant stars. A red supergiant with stellar parameters similar to that of Betelgeuse (α Orionis) is modeled as a “star-in-a-box” with the high-order “Pencil Code”. Both linear kinematic and non-linear saturated dynamo action are possible: the non-linear magnetic field saturates at a super-equipartition value corresponding to surface magnetic field of field strengths up to ~500 Gauss. In the linear regime two different modes of dynamo action are found with exponential growth rates of ~4 and 25 years, respectively. It is speculated that magnetic activity of late-type giants may influence dust and wind formation and possibly lead to the heating of the outer atmospheres of these stars.
Key words: stars: AGB and post-AGB / stars: late-type / stars: activity / stars: individual: Betelgeuse / stars: magnetic fields / magnetohydrodynamic: (MHD)
© ESO, 2004