Volume 420, Number 3, June IV 2004
|Page(s)||L23 - L26|
|Published online||04 June 2004|
Letter to the Editor
Growth of massive black holes by super-Eddington accretion
LUTh/Observatoire de Paris-Meudon, 5 Place J. Janssen, 92195 Meudon, France
2 Postdoctoral Fellow of the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science
3 Subaru Telescope, National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, 650 North A'ohoku Place, Hilo, HI 96729, USA
4 Department of Astronomy, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8502, Japan
Corresponding author: T. Kawaguchi, firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 30 April 2004
Narrow-Line Seyfert 1 galaxies (NLS1s) and Narrow-Line quasars (NLQs) seem to amount to ∼10–30% of active galactic nuclei (AGNs) in the local universe. Together with their average accretion rate, we argue that a black hole (BH) growth by factor of 8–800 happens in these super-Eddington accretion phase of AGNs. Moreover, there is a possible, systematic underestimation of accretion rates (in the Eddington unit) due to an overestimation of BH mass by massive accretion discs for super-Eddington objects. If it is true, the factor of BH growth above may be larger by order(s) of magnitude. In contrast, the growth factor expected in sub-Eddington phase is only ∼2. Therefore, the cosmic BH growth by accretion is likely dominated by super-Eddington phase, rather than sub-Eddington phase which is the majority among AGNs. This analysis is based on the fraction and the average accretion rate of NLS1s and NLQs obtained for . If those numbers are larger at higher redshift (where BHs were probably less grown), super-Eddington accretion would be even more important in the context of cosmic BH growth history.
Key words: accretion, accretion disks / black hole physics / galaxies: active / galaxies: evolution / galaxies: nuclei / galaxies: Seyfert
© ESO, 2004
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