Volume 398, Number 3, February II 2003
|927 - 936
|28 January 2003
Extreme slim accretion disks and narrow line Seyfert 1 galaxies: The nature of the soft X-ray hump
School of Physics and Astronomy and the Wise Observatory, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv 69978, Israel
2 Laboratory of High Energy Astrophysics, Institute of High Energy Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100039, PR China
3 Institut für Astronomie und Astrophysik, Abt. Astronomie, Universität Tübingen, Sand 1, 72076 Tübingen, Germany
Corresponding author: J.-M. Wang, firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 10 October 2002
We present a detailed model of an extreme slim disk (ESD) with a hot corona around a massive black hole with dimensionless accretion rate in the range . We assume that a fraction f of the gravitational energy is released in the hot corona and the rest is released in the ESD. The energy equation of the ESD is dominated by advection and the spectrum shows a broad “hump” caused by saturated Comptonization with monochromatic luminosity given by . This relationship enables us to estimate the black hole mass from the ESD luminosity. The spectrum of the hot corona is sensitive to the parameter and the viscosity and shows a Comptonized power-law with a high-energy cutoff. The model is used to explain the spectral properties of narrow line Seyfert 1 galaxies (NLS1s). In particular, it can explain the spectrum of extreme NLS1s like NLS1 RE J1034+396. Our spectral estimate of the black hole mass in this source is in good agreement with the mass obtained by applying the reververation mapping correlation. We also examine the Eddington ratios in a large NLS1 sample and find that most objects show super-Eddington accretion rates. We argue that soft X-ray humps in NLS1s are natural consequences of super-Eddington accretion in such objects.
Key words: accretion, accretion disks / galaxies: active / galaxies: Seyfert / X-rays: galaxies
© ESO, 2003
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