INAF – Osservatorio Astronomico di Padova, Vicolo dell' Osservatorio 5, 35122 Padova, Italy
2 INAF – Osservatorio Astrofisico di Catania, via S. Sofia 78, Catania, Italy
3 INAF – Centro Galileo Galiei, Calle Alvarez de Abreu 70, 38700 Santa Cruz de La Palma (TF), Spain
4 CISAS – Universitá di Padova, via Venezia 15, Padova, Italy
5 McDonald Observatory, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX 78712, USA
6 Dipartimento di Astronomia – Universitá di Padova, Vicolo dell'Osservatorio 2, Padova, Italy
7 Dipartimento di Fisica – Universitá di Padova, via Marzolo 8, Padova, Italy
Corresponding author: S. Desidera, firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 4 March 2004
We present iron abundance analysis for 23 wide binaries with main sequence components in the temperture range 4900–6300 K, taken from the sample of the pairs currently included in the radial velocity planet search on going at the Telescopio Nazionale Galileo (TNG) using the high resolution spectrograph SARG. The use of a line-by-line differential analysis technique between the components of each pair allows us to reach errors of about 0.02 dex in the iron content difference. Most of the pairs have abundance differences lower than 0.02 dex and there are no pairs with differences larger than 0.07 dex. The four cases of differences larger than 0.02 dex may be spurious because of the larger error bars affecting pairs with large temperature difference, cold stars and rotating stars. The pair HD 219542, previously reported by us to have a different composition, here is shown to be normal. For non-rotating stars warmer than 5500 K, characterized by a thinner convective envelope and for which our analyis appears to be of higher accuracy, we are able to exclude in most cases the consumption of more than 1 Earth Mass of iron (about 5 Earth masses of meteoritic material) during the main sequence lifetime of the stars, placing more stringent limits (about 0.4 Earth masses of iron) in five cases of warm stars. This latter limit is similar to the estimates of rocky material accreted by the Sun during its main sequence lifetime. Combining the results of the present analysis with those for the Hyades and Pleiades, we conclude that the hypothesis that pollution by planetary material is the only mechanism responsible for the highest metallicity of the stars with planets may be rejected at more than 99% level of confidence if the incidence of planets in these samples is as high as 8% and similar to the field stars included in current radial velocity surveys. However, the significance of this result drops considerably if the incidence of planets around stars in binary systems and clusters is less than a half of that around normal field stars.
Key words: stars: abundances / stars: planetary systems / stars: binaries: visual / techniques: spectroscopic
Based on observations made with the Italian Telescopio Nazionale Galileo (TNG) operated on the island of La Palma by the Centro Galileo Galilei of the INAF (Istituto Nazionale di Astrofisica) at the Spanish Observatorio del Roque de los Muchachos of the Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias.
© ESO, 2004