Volume 377, Number 1, October I 2001
|Page(s)||123 - 131|
|Section||Interstellar and circumstellar matter|
|Published online||15 October 2001|
Non-interacting main-sequence binaries with different chemical compositions: Evidences of infall of rocky material?*
Osservatorio Astronomico di Padova, Vicolo dell'Osservatorio 5, 35122 Padova, Italy
2 Osservatorio Astrofisico, Catania, Italy
3 Centro Galileo Galilei, CNAA, Italy
4 Dipartimento di Astronomia, Università di Padova, Italy
Corresponding author: R. G. Gratton, firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 16 July 2001
We performed a careful differential abundance analysis of individual components of six main sequence binaries with separations of a few hundreds of AU. To reduce analysis concerns, we selected systems with almost equal mass components. We were able to derive differential abundances of several elements with errors down to 0.01 dex in the best cases. We found that in four systems the two components have the same chemical composition, within these very severe limits. However, clear differences were found for the two remaining systems (HD 219542 and HD 200466), in both cases the primaries being more Fe-rich than the secondaries, by and dex respectively. Similar differences were found for most of the elements considered in our analysis; however, we found no appreciable difference for volatile elements and a trend for increasing abundance differences with increasing condensation temperature for individual elements, a result similar to that found for some single stars with planets by Smith et al. ([CITE]). Finally, we note that HD 219542A has a Li-abundance comparable to those of Li-rich stars in old open clusters, while no Li is detected in the slightly cooler HD 219542B. We suggest that the primaries of these two systems have accreted rocky planets or the inner dust-rich part of a protoplanetary disk, likely due to gravitational perturbation caused by the presence of the companion.
Key words: stars: planetary systems / stars: abundances / binaries: visual
Based on observations made with the Italian Telescopio Nazionale Galileo (TNG) operated on the island of La Palma by the Centro Galileo Galilei of the CNAA (Consorzio Nazionale per l'Astronomia e l'Astrofisica) at the Spanish Observatorio del Roque de los Muchachos of the Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias. Table 1 is only available in electronic form at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (188.8.131.52) or via http://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/qcat?J/A+A/377/123
© ESO, 2001
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