Volume 411, Number 3, December I 2003
|Page(s)||605 - 613|
|Published online||17 November 2003|
Dynamics of solar coronal loops
I. Condensation in cool loops and its effect on transition region lines
Kiepenheuer-Institut für Sonnenphysik, Schöneckstr. 6, 79104 Freiburg, Germany e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
2 Institute of Theoretical Astrophysics, University of Oslo, PO Box 1029, Blindern 0315, Oslo, Norway e-mail: Viggo.Hansteen@astro.uio.no
Corresponding author: D. A. N. Müller, email@example.com
Accepted: 22 August 2003
We report numerical calculations of the condensation of plasma in short coronal loops, which have several interesting physical consequences. Firstly, we propose a connection between small, cool loops ( K), which constitute one of the basic components of the solar transition region, and prominences, in the sense that the same physical mechanism governs their dynamics: Namely the onset of instability and runaway cooling due to strong radiative losses. Secondly, we show that the temporal evolution of these loop models exhibits a cyclic pattern of chromospheric evaporation, condensation, motion of the condensation region to either side of the loop, and finally loop reheating with a period of 4000–8000 s for a loop of 10 Mm length. Thirdly, we have synthesized transition region lines from these calculations which show strong periodic intensity variations, making condensation in loops a candidate to account for observed transient brightenings of solar transition region lines. Remarkably, all these dynamic processes take place for a heating function which is constant in time and has a simple exponential height dependence.
Key words: Sun: corona / Sun: transition region / Sun: UV radiation
© ESO, 2003
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