Volume 406, Number 1, July IV 2003
|Page(s)||233 - 243|
|Section||Stellar structure and evolution|
|Published online||17 November 2003|
Bursts, eclipses, dips and a refined position for the luminous low-mass X-ray binary in the globular cluster Terzan 6
SRON National Institute for Space Research, Sorbonnelaan 2, 3584 CA Utrecht, The Netherlands
2 Astronomical Institute, Utrecht University, PO Box 80000, 3508 TA Utrecht, The Netherlands
3 NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Code 662, Greenbelt, MD 20771, USA
4 Dept. of Astronomy, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA
5 ESA-ESTEC, Science Operations & Data Systems Division, SCI-SDG, Keplerlaan 1, 2201 AZ Noordwijk, The Netherlands
Corresponding author: J. J. M. in 't Zand, firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 6 May 2003
GRS 1747-312 is a bright transient X-ray source in the globular cluster Terzan 6 with quasi-periodic outbursts approximately every 4.5 months. We carried out 2–60 keV target-of-opportunity observations during eight outbursts with the Proportional Counter Array on the RXTE satellite, for a total exposure time of 301 ks, and detect the first unambiguous thermonuclear X-ray bursts from this source. This identifies the compact accretor in this binary as a neutron star. The neutron star identification implies that twelve out of thirteen luminous (above 1036 erg s-1) X-ray sources in Galactic globular clusters harbor neutron stars, with AC211's nature (in M15) remaining elusive. We observed 24 transitions of eclipses of the X-ray emitting region by the companion star and are able to improve the accuracy of the orbital period by a factor of 104. The period is d. We do not detect a period derivative with an upper limit of yr-1. Archival Chandra data were analyzed to further refine the X-ray position, and the cluster's center of gravity was re-determined from optical data resulting in a correction amounting to 2 core radii. We find that GRS 1747-312 is core radii from the cluster center.
Key words: accretion, accretion disks / globular clusters: individual: Terzan 6 / X-rays: binaries / X-rays: bursts / X-rays: individual: GRS 1747-312
© ESO, 2003
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