Volume 402, Number 1, April IV 2003
|Page(s)||189 - 199|
|Section||Interstellar and circumstellar matter|
|Published online||07 April 2003|
The chemistry of protoplanetary nebulae
European Southern Observatory, Alonso de Cordova 3107, Casilla 19001, Santiago 19, Chile
2 Department of Physics, UMIST, PO Box 88, Manchester M60 1QD, UK
3 Departments of Physics and Astronomy, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, USA
Corresponding author: P. M. Woods, email@example.com
Accepted: 13 February 2003
We describe the chemistry occurring in a dense slab of outwardly expanding gas in the post-AGB phase of stellar evolution. Despite the high flux of UV photons from the central star, the intrinsic dust extinction in the slab prevents rapid photodissociation and allows chemical reactions to make a variety of gas-phase species, some complex. We find that chemical evolution ends when the intrinsic extinction falls below about 10 mag. At this point, rapid photodissociation occurs. As a particular example of our model, we discuss chemical synthesis in the protoplanetary nebula, CRL 618, and find that for many species we obtain good agreement between the model and observation, despite the complexity of the source.
Key words: molecular processes / stars: abundances / stars: AGB and post-AGB / stars: carbon / circumstellar matter / stars: individual: CRL 618
© ESO, 2003
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