Volume 397, Number 1, January I 2003
|Page(s)||345 - 351|
|Section||Celestial mechanics and astrometry|
|Published online||11 December 2002|
An extension of Herschel's method for dense and extensive catalogues
Application to the determination of solar motion
Centro de Investigaciones de Astronomía CIDA, 5101-A Mérida, Venezuela
2 Grupo de Mecánica Espacial, Depto. de Física Teórica, Universidad de Zaragoza, 50006 Zaragoza, España
3 Universidad Central de Venezuela (UCV), Caracas, Venezuela
4 Universidad Metropolitana (UNIMET), Caracas, Venezuela
Corresponding author: C. Abad, firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 10 September 2002
We present a way of handling and interpreting stellar proper motions, in which the idea of substituting them by great circles, proposed by Herschel in 1783, allows us to take the entire celestial sphere as a field of application, making possible the study of dense and extensive stellar zones. A suitable mathematical processing of data together with Herschel's method make up a good tool in order to search for and detect associations, clusters, systematic patterns of motion and to go deeper in the local galactic kinematic. In this paper, we explain our vision of Herschel's method, illustrating it with some practical examples. The particular case of solar motion is developed in a specific and complete way, using the whole Hipparcos catalogue, Herschel's method and our own mathe matical tool, originally designed to determine systematic trends in plates or between catalogues. The solar apex and velocity obtained here are expressed as a continuous function, depending on the distribution of the stellar spectral types.
Key words: astrometry / galaxies: stars clusters / methods: data analysis / stars: kinematics
© ESO, 2003
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