Volume 390, Number 1, July IV 2002
|Page(s)||219 - 224|
|Section||Stellar structure and evolution|
|Published online||05 July 2002|
Opacity in the upper atmosphere of AU Mic
Department of Pure and Applied Physics, The Queen's University of Belfast, Belfast, BT7 1NN, Northern Ireland, UK
2 Department of Physics and Astronomy, Johns Hopkins University, 3400 North Charles Street, Baltimore, MD 21218, USA
3 JILA, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309; and National Institute of Standards and Technology, USA
Corresponding author: D. S. Bloomfield, email@example.com
Accepted: 6 May 2002
In this paper we investigate the validity of the optically thin assumption in the transition region of the late–type star AU Mic. We use Far–Ultraviolet Spectroscopic Explorer (FUSE) observations of the multiplet and resonance lines, hence yielding information at two different levels within the atmosphere. Significant deviations from the optically thin fluxes are found for in both quiescent and flare spectra, where only 60% of the flux is actually observed. This could explain the apparent deviation of observed in emission measure distributions. We utilize escape probabilities for both homogeneous and inhomogeneous geometries and calculate optical depths as high as 10 for the 1175.71 Å component of the multiplet. Using a lower limit to the electron density (1011 cm-3) we derive an effective thickness of <100 km for the scattering layer. The emission originates from very small and compact regions, consistent with a filling factor of 10-5 derived for the flare plasma.
Key words: atomic data / stars: activity / stars: atmospheres / stars: individual: AU Mic / stars: late–type / ultraviolet: stars
© ESO, 2002
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