Volume 388, Number 3, June IV 2002
|Page(s)||L53 - L56|
|Published online||10 June 2002|
Letter to the Editor
Triply deuterated ammonia in NGC 1333
Max-Planck-Institut für Radioastronomie, Auf dem Hügel 69, 53121 Bonn, Germany
2 I. Physikalisches Institut, Universität zu Köln, 50937 Köln, Germany
3 California Institute of Technology, Downs Laboratory of Physics 320-47, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA
4 Lab. de Radioastronomie Millimétrique, Dépt. de Physique de l'E.N.S., 24 rue Lhomond, 75231 Paris, France
5 DEMIRM, Observatoire de Paris, 61 avenue de l'Observatoire, 75014 Paris, France
Corresponding author: F. F. S. van der Tak, email@example.com
Accepted: 24 April 2002
The Caltech Submillimeter Observatory has detected triply deuterated ammonia, ND3, through its transition near 310 GHz. Emission is found in the NGC 1333 region, both towards IRAS 4A and a position to the South-East where DCO+ peaks. In both cases, the hyperfine ratio indicates that the emission is optically thin. Column densities of ND3 are cm-2 for Tex = 10 K and twice as high for Tex = 5 K. Using a Monte Carlo radiative transfer code and a model of the structure of the IRAS source with temperature and density gradients, the estimated ND3 abundance is if ND3/H2 is constant throughout the envelope. In the more likely case that ND3/H2D+ is constant, ND3/H2 peaks in the cold outer parts of the source at a value of . To reproduce the observed NH3/ND3 abundance ratio of ~1000, grain surface chemistry requires an atomic D/H ratio of ≈0.15 in the gas phase, >10 times higher than in recent chemical models. More likely, the deuteration of NH3 occurs by ion-molecule reactions in the gas phase, in which case the data indicate that deuteron transfer reactions are much faster than proton transfers.
Key words: ISM: abundances / ISM: molecules
© ESO, 2002
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