EDP Sciences
Free Access
Volume 383, Number 1, February III 2002
Page(s) 153 - 162
Section Stellar clusters and associations
DOI https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361:20011719
Published online 15 February 2002

A&A 383, 153-162 (2002)
DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361:20011719

A study of spatial structure of galactic open star clusters

Nilakshi1, R. Sagar1, 2, A. K. Pandey1 and V. Mohan1

1  State Observatory, Manora Peak, Nainital 263 129, India
2  Indian Institute of Astrophysics, Bangalore 560 034, India

(Received 14 May 2001 / Accepted 8 November 2001)

In order to study the relation between the core and corona in galactic star clusters, the spatial structure of 38 rich open star clusters has been studied using radial density profiles derived from the photometric data of the Digital Sky Survey. The shape of the radial density profile indicates that the corona, most probably, is the outer region around the cluster. It can exist from the very beginning of the cluster formation and dynamical evolution is not the reason for its occurrence. The study does not find any relation between cluster size and age but indicates that the clusters with galacto-centric distances >9.5 kpc have larger sizes. Further, we find that the average value of the core radius is $1.3\pm 0.7$ pc and that of annular width of the corona is $5.6\pm 1.9$ pc, while average values of densities of cluster members in the core and corona are $15.4\pm 9.9$ star/pc 2 and $1.6\pm 0.99$ star/pc 2 respectively. Average field star contaminations in the core and corona are ~35% and 80% respectively. In spite of smaller densities in the coronal region, it contains ~75% of the cluster members due to its larger area in comparison to the core region. This clearly demonstrates the importance of the coronal region in studies dealing with the entire stellar contents of open star clusters as well as their dynamical evolution. In contrast to the cluster cores, the structure of coronal regions differs significantly from one cluster to other.

Key words: galaxy: open clusters and associations: general -- stellar content

Offprint request: R. Sagar, sagar@upso.ernet.in

© ESO 2002

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