Volume 378, Number 2, November I 2001
|Page(s)||679 - 699|
|Published online||15 November 2001|
A "spherical shell number density" model for violently relaxed -body systems
Research Center for Astronomy, Academy of Athens, Anagnostopoulou 10-14, Athens, Greece e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; email@example.com
Corresponding author: C. Efthymiopoulos, firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 24 July 2001
We present the results of a series of numerical simulations of gravitational collisionless N-body systems in equilibrium after a violent relaxation from cosmological initial conditions. The distribution function f of such systems has a complicated form due to the complex structure of the phase space of stellar orbits. This complexity makes hardly tractable the old problem of writing a simple model for f. However, we show that it is possible to benefit from various statistical regularities of the phase space in order to compose a heuristic approximation for f. Such regularities are revealed if we decompose a system in a number of spherical shells. For each shell we define thermodynamical quantities (e.g., temperatures) which, as we find, vary smoothly with the radius r of the shell. Using these quantities, we find a model that fits the number density function in each shell. For the greatest range of energies, this function tends to the form of the Stiavelli-Bertin (1987) model. By adding the contributions of all the spherical shells, we then find a global model for f. While our method is based on a spherical approximation, we show that it reproduces very accurately the global profiles of our triaxial N-body systems.
Key words: galaxies: formation / galaxies: kinematics and dynamics / stellar dynamics
© ESO, 2001
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