EDP Sciences
Free Access
Volume 378, Number 1, October IV 2001
Page(s) 279 - 294
Section Physical and chemical processes
DOI https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361:20011080
Published online 15 October 2001

A&A 378, 279-294 (2001)
DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361:20011080

Cosmic ray transport in anisotropic magnetohydrodynamic turbulence

I. Fast magnetosonic waves
I. Lerche1 and R. Schlickeiser2

1  Department of Geological Sciences, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC 29208, USA
    e-mail: black@geol.sc.edu
2  Institut für Theoretische Physik, Lehrstuhl IV: Weltraum- und Astrophysik, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, 44780 Bochum, Germany

(Received 21 March 2001 / Accepted 23 July 2001 )

Observations of interstellar scintillations, general theoretical considerations and comparison of interstellar radiative cooling in HII-regions, and in the diffuse interstellar medium, with linear Landau damping estimates for fast-mode decay, all strongly imply that the power spectrum of fast-mode wave turbulence in the interstellar medium must be highly anisotropic. It is not clear from the observations whether the turbulence spectrum is oriented mainly parallel or mainly perpendicular to the ambient magnetic field, either will satisfy the needs of balancing wave damping energy input against radiative cooling. This anisotropy must be included when transport of high energy cosmic rays in the Galaxy is discussed. Here we evaluate the relevant cosmic ray transport parameters in the presence of anisotropic wave turbulence. Using the estimates of the anisotropy parameter in the strongly parallel and perpendicular regimes, based on linear Landau damping balancing radiative loss in the diffuse interstellar medium, we show that in nearly all situations the pitch-angle scattering of relativistic cosmic rays by fast magnetosonic waves at pitch-angle cosines $\vert\mu \vert\ge V_{\rm A}/c$ is dominated by the transit-time damping interaction. The momentum diffusion coefficient of cosmic ray particles is calculated by averaging the respective Fokker-Planck coefficient over the particle pitch-angle for the relevant anisotropy parameters within values of $10^{-8}\le \Lambda \le 10^{11}$. For strongly perpendicular turbulence ( $\Lambda \ll 1$) the cosmic ray momentum diffusion coefficient is enhanced with respect to the case of isotropic ( $\Lambda =1$) turbulence by the large factor $\Lambda ^{-1/2}$. For strongly parallel turbulence ( $\Lambda \gg 1$) the momentum diffusion coefficient is reduced with respect to isotropic turbulence by the large factor $2\Lambda ^{s/2}/s$.

Key words: magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) -- plasmas -- turbulence -- cosmic rays -- ISM: magnetic fields

Offprint request: R. Schlickeiser, r.schlickeiser@tp4.ruhr-uni-bochum.de

© ESO 2001

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