Volume 376, Number 3, September IV 2001
|Page(s)||837 - 852|
|Section||Cosmology (including clusters of galaxies)|
|Published online||15 September 2001|
Atomic and molecular gas in the merger galaxy NGC 1316 (Fornax A) and its environment
Onsala Space Observatory, Centre for Astrophysics & Space Science, Chalmers University of Technology, 439 92 Onsala, Sweden e-mail: email@example.com
2 Astronomy Department, Columbia University, 538 W 120 Street, New York, NY 10027, USA e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
3 Observatoire de Paris, DEMIRM, 61 avenue de l'Observatoire, 75014 Paris, France e-mail: Francoise.Combes@obspm.fr
4 Kapteyn Institute, Department of Astronomy, Postbus 800, 9700 AV Groningen, The Netherlands e-mail: email@example.com
5 Cornell University, Astronomy Department, 106 Space Sciences Building, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Corresponding author: C. Horellou, email@example.com
Accepted: 12 July 2001
We present and interpret observations of atomic and molecular gas toward the southern elliptical galaxy NGC 1316 (Fornax A), a strong double-lobe radio source with a disturbed optical morphology that includes numerous shells and loops. The 12CO(1-0), 12CO(2-1), and Hi observations were made with SEST and the VLA. CO emission corresponding to a total molecular hydrogen mass of ~ was detected towards the central position as well as northwest and southeast of the nucleus in the regions of the dust patches. The origin of that gas is likely external and due to accretion of one or several small gas-rich galaxies. Hi was not detected in the central region of NGC 1316, but ~ of atomic gas was found towards the giant Hii region discovered by Schweizer (1980) located (or 36.2 kpc) from the nucleus. Hi was also found at three other locations in the outer part of NGC 1316. The Hi distributions and kinematics of the two nearby spiral companions of NGC 1316, NGC 1317 (a barred galaxy to the north) and NGC 1310 (to the west) could be studied. Both galaxies have unusually small Hi disks that may have been affected by ram-pressure stripping.
Key words: galaxies: elliptical and lenticular, cD / galaxies: individual: NGC 1316, NGC 1317, NGC 1310 / galaxies: clusters: individual: Fornax / radio lines: galaxies
© ESO, 2001
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