Volume 375, Number 3, September 2001
|Page(s)||1075 - 1081|
|Section||Planets and planetary systems|
|Published online||15 September 2001|
Charge-equilibration of Fe ions accelerated in a hot plasma
Space Research Laboratory, Physics Department, University of Turku, Turku, 20014, Finland
2 Ioffe Physical-Technical Institute, St. Petersburg 194021, Russia
3 California Institute of Technology, MC 220-47, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA
4 Physics Department, Roanoke College, Salem, VA 24153, USA
5 St. Petersburg State Technical University, St. Petersburg 195251, Russia
Corresponding author: L. Kocharov, Leon.Kocharov@srl.utu.fi
Accepted: 15 June 2001
We examine the energy-dependent rates of charge-changing processes of energetic Fe ions in the hot plasma of the solar corona. For ionization of the Fe-ion projectile in collisions with ambient protons, three different methods of estimating the corresponding ionization cross sections are presented and compared. Proton-impact ionization is found to be significant irrespective of the particular method used. Differences in the proton-impact ionization cross sections' estimates are shown to have little effect in calculating highly nonequilibrium Fe charge states during acceleration, whereas equilibrium charge states are sensitive to such differences. A parametric study of the Fe charge-equilibration comprises (i) impact of the ambient plasma density, and (ii) the energy dependence impact of the acceleration rate upon the charge-energy profiles and upon the estimated values of the density acceleration-time product. We emphasize potential importance of careful measurements of charge-energy profiles along with ion energy spectra for determining the energy dependence of ion acceleration time and the energy dependence of the leaky-box escape time.
Key words: acceleration of particles / atomic processes / Sun: particle emission
© ESO, 2001
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