Volume 375, Number 3, September 2001
|Page(s)||1049 - 1061|
|Section||Planets and planetary systems|
|Published online||15 September 2001|
Statistical analysis of solar H flares
Institut für Geophysik, Astrophysik & Meteorologie, Universität Graz, Universitätsplatz 5, 8010 Graz, Austria
2 Sonnenobservatorium Kanzelhöhe, 9521 Treffen, Austria
3 Osservatorio Astronomico di Trieste, Via G. B. Tiepolo 11, 34131 Trieste, Italy
Corresponding author: A. Veronig, asv@igam06ws.KFUniGraz.ac.at
Accepted: 12 June 2001
A statistical analysis of a large data set of Hα flares comprising almost 100 000 single events that occurred during the period January 1975 to December 1999 is presented. We analyzed the flares evolution steps, i.e. duration, rise times, decay times and event asymmetries. Moreover, these parameters characterizing the temporal behavior of flares, as well as the spatial distribution on the solar disk, i.e. N-S and E-W asymmetries, are analyzed in terms of their dependency on the solar cycle. The main results are: 1) The duration, rise and decay times increase with increasing importance class. The increase is more pronounced for the decay times than for the rise times. The same relation is valid with regard to the brightness classes but in a weaker manner. 2) The event asymmetry indices, which characterize the proportion of the decay to the rise time of an event, are predominantly positive (≈90% ). For about 50% of the events the decay time is even more than 4 times as long as the rise time. 3) The event asymmetries increase with the importance class. 4) The flare duration and decay times vary in phase with the solar cycle; the rise times do not. 5) The event asymmetries do not reveal a distinct correlation with the solar cycle. However, they drop during times of solar minima, which can be explained by the shorter decay times found during minimum activity. 6) There exists a significant N-S asymmetry over longer periods, and the dominance of one hemisphere over the other can persist for more than one cycle. 7) For certain cycles there may be evidence that the N-S asymmetry evolves with the solar cycle, but in general this is not the case. 8) There exists a slight but significant E-W asymmetry with a prolonged eastern excess.
Key words: methods: statistical / Sun: activity / Sun: flares
© ESO, 2001
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