Volume 370, Number 2, May I 2001
|Page(s)||557 - 569|
|Published online||15 May 2001|
Interstellar oxygen chemistry
Department of Physics and Astronomy, UCL, Gower St., London WC1E 6BT, UK
2 DAEC and UMR8631, Observatoire de Paris, Place J. Janssen, 92190 Meudon, France
3 Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, UK
Corresponding author: S. Viti, firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 9 February 2001
We present results of chemical models for a variety of types of regions shown by SWAS observations to contain less O2 and H2O than previously expected. We identify time-dependent models for which O2 and H2O abundances meet the SWAS constraints and for which calculated abundances of other species are in harmony with measurements made primarily at millimeter wavelengths. The phases of acceptable composition are transient in these time-dependent models but are of very substantial length in many models for which CO and N2 are assumed to be returned promptly and unaltered to the gas phase though other species, except for H2 and He, freeze-out onto the dust. We also consider whether the presence of bistability in some steady-state models can account for the SWAS and other observations.
Key words: ISM: abundances / ISM: clouds / ISM: molecules
© ESO, 2001
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