Testing current synthesis models of the X-ray background
Dipartimento di Astronomia e Scienza dello Spazio, Università di Firenze, Largo E. Fermi 5, 50125 Firenze, Italy e-mail: email@example.com
2 Astrophysikalisches Institut Potsdam, An der Sternwarte 16, 14482 Potsdam, Germany e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
3 Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri, Largo E. Fermi 5, 50125 Firenze, Italy e-mail: email@example.com
Accepted: 14 November 2000
We present synthesis models of the X-ray background where the available X-ray observational constraints are used to derive information on the AGN population properties. We show the need for luminous X-ray absorbed AGNs, the QSO2s, in reproducing the 2-10 keV source counts at relatively bright fluxes. We compare a model where the evolution of absorbed AGNs is faster than that of unabsorbed ones, with a standard model where absorbed and unabsorbed AGNs evolve at the same rate. It is found that an increase by a factor of ∼ 2 from to in the ratio between absorbed and unabsorbed AGNs would provide a significant improvement in the data description. Finally, we make predictions on the AGNs to be observed in deep X-ray surveys which contain information on the AGN space density at high redshift.
Key words: X / rays: galaxies / galaxies: nuclei / cosmology: diffuse radiation
© ESO, 2001