Free Access
Issue
A&A
Volume 369, Number 1, April I 2001
Page(s) 269 - 277
Section The Sun
DOI https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361:20010083
Published online 15 April 2001
  1. Achterberg, A. 1979, Å, 76, 276 [Google Scholar]
  2. Baade, W., & Zwicky, F. 1934, Proc. Nat. Acad. Science, 20 (5), 259 [Google Scholar]
  3. Bell, A. R. 1978a, MNRAS, 182, 147 [NASA ADS] [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  4. Berezhko, E. G., & Krymskii, G. F. 1988, Sov. Phys. Usp., 31, 27 [NASA ADS] [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  5. Berezinsky, V. S., et al., 1990, Astrophysics of Cosmic Rays (North-Holland, Amsterdam) [Google Scholar]
  6. Biermann, P. L. 1993a, Å, 271, 649, Paper CR I [Google Scholar]
  7. Biermann, P. L., & Cassinelli, J. P. 1993, Å, 277, 691, Paper CR II [Google Scholar]
  8. Biermann, P. L., & Strom, R. G. 1993, Å, 275, 659, Paper CR III [Google Scholar]
  9. Biermann, P. L. 1993b, in Currents in Astrophysics and Cosmology, Conf. 1990, ed. G. G. Fazio, & R. Silberberg (Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge, UK), 12 [Google Scholar]
  10. Biermann, P. L. 1993, in 23rd ICRC, Invited, Rapporteur and Highlight Papers, ed. D. A. Leahy, et al., (World Scientific, Singapore, 1993), 45 [Google Scholar]
  11. Biermann, P. L., Gaisser, T. K., & Stanev, T. 1995, Phys. Rev., D 51, 3450 [Google Scholar]
  12. Biermann, P. L. 1996, in Proc. Nuclear Physics meeting MESON96 (Cracow), ed. E. Grosse, et al., Jagiellonian University, Acta Physics Polonica, B27, 3399 [NASA ADS] [Google Scholar]
  13. Biermann, P. L. 1997a, in Cosmic Winds and the Heliosphere, ed. J. R. Jokipii, et al., (University of Arizona Press, Tucson), 887 [Google Scholar]
  14. Biermann, P. L. 1997b, J. Phys. G, 23, 1 [NASA ADS] [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  15. Biermann, P. L. 1998, in Proc. Nuclear Astrophysics, Hirschegg, GSI, Darmstadt, 211 [Google Scholar]
  16. Blandford, R. D., & Eichler, R. D. 1987, Phys. Rep., 154, 1 [NASA ADS] [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  17. Connell, J. J., & Simpson, J. A. 1997, ApJ, 475, L61 [NASA ADS] [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  18. Connell, J. J. 1998, ApJ, 501, L59 [NASA ADS] [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  19. Connell, J. J., DuVernois, M. A., & Simpson, J. A. 1998, ApJ, 509, L97 [NASA ADS] [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  20. Drury, L. O'C. 1983, Rep. Prog. Phys., 46, 973 [NASA ADS] [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  21. Ellison, D. C., Drury, L. O'C., & Meyer, J.-P. 1997, ApJ, 487, 197 [NASA ADS] [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  22. Engelmann, J. J., et al., 1985, Å, 148, 12 [Google Scholar]
  23. Engelmann, J. J., et al., 1990, Å, 233, 96 [Google Scholar]
  24. Fermi, E. 1949, Phys. Rev. 2nd Ser., 75(8), 1169 [Google Scholar]
  25. Fermi, E. 1954, ApJ, 119, 1 [NASA ADS] [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  26. Gaisser, T. K. 1990, Cosmic Rays and Particle Physics (Cambridge Univ. Press) [Google Scholar]
  27. Gaisser, T. K., Protheroe, R. J., & Stanev, T. 1998, ApJ, 492, 219 [NASA ADS] [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  28. Garcia-Munoz, M., Mason, G. M., & Simpson, J. A. 1977, ApJ, 217, 859 [NASA ADS] [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  29. Garcia-Munoz, M., Simpson, J. A., Guzik, T. G., Wefel, J. P., & Margolis, S. H. 1987, ApJS, 64, 269 [NASA ADS] [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  30. Ginzburg, V. L. 1953a, Usp. Fiz. Nauk, 51, 343 [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  31. ; see also 1956, Nuovo Cimento, 3, 38 [Google Scholar]
  32. Ginzburg, V. L. 1953b, Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR, 92, 1133 (NSF-Transl. 230) [Google Scholar]
  33. Ginzburg, V. L., & Syrovatskii, S. I., The origin of cosmic rays (Pergamon Press, Oxford 1964; Russian edition 1963) [Google Scholar]
  34. Ginzburg, V. L., & Syrovatskij, S. I. 1969, The Origin of Cosmic Rays (Gordon and Breach, New York) [Google Scholar]
  35. Ginzburg, V. L. 1993, Phys. Usp., 36, 587 [NASA ADS] [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  36. Ginzburg, V. L. 1996, Uspekhi Fizicheskikh Nauk, 166, 169 [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  37. Glasmacher, M. A. K., et al., 1999a, Astropart. Phys., 10, 291 [NASA ADS] [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  38. Glasmacher, M. A. K., et al., 1999b, Astropart. Phys., 12, 1 [NASA ADS] [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  39. Goldstein, M. L., Roberts, D. A., & Matthaeus, W. H. 1995, ARA&A, 33, 283 [NASA ADS] [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  40. Hayakawa, S. 1969, Cosmic Ray Physics (Wiley-Interscience, New York) [Google Scholar]
  41. Heger, A., & Langer, N. 1998, Å, 334, 210 [Google Scholar]
  42. Heisenberg, W. 1948, Z. Physik, 124, 628 [Google Scholar]
  43. Hess, V. F. 1912, Phys. Z., 13, 1084 [Google Scholar]
  44. Hillas, A. M. 1984, ARA&A, 22, 425 [NASA ADS] [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  45. Hunter, S. D., et al., 1997, ApJ, 481, 205 [NASA ADS] [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  46. Jones, F. C., & Ellison, D. C. 1991, Space Sci. Rev., 58, 259 [NASA ADS] [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  47. Karman, Th. de, & Howarth, L. 1938, Proc. of the Royal Soc. of London, 164, 192 [NASA ADS] [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  48. Kohlhörster, W. 1913, Phys. Z., 14, 1153 [Google Scholar]
  49. Kolmogorov, A. N. 1941a, Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR, 30, 299 [NASA ADS] [Google Scholar]
  50. Kolmogorov, A. N. 1941b, Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR, 31, 538 [Google Scholar]
  51. Kolmogorov, A. N. 1941c, Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR, 32, 19 [NASA ADS] [Google Scholar]
  52. Kraichnan, R. H. 1965, Phys. Fl., 8, 1385 [NASA ADS] [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  53. Lagage, P. O., & Cesarsky, C. J. 1983, Å, 118, 223 [Google Scholar]
  54. Langer, N., et al., 1999, A&A, 346, L37 [NASA ADS] [Google Scholar]
  55. Lawrence, M. A., et al., 1991, J. Phys. G, 17, 733 [NASA ADS] [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  56. McIvor, I. 1977, MNRAS, 178, 85 [NASA ADS] [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  57. Matthaeus, W. H., & Zhou, Y. 1989, Phys. Fl., B1, 1929 [NASA ADS] [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  58. Meyer, J.-P., Drury, L. O'C., & Ellison, D. C. 1997, ApJ, 487, 182 [NASA ADS] [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  59. Mori, M. 1997, ApJ, 478, 225 [NASA ADS] [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  60. Nagano, M., et al., 1992, J. Phys. G, 18, 423 [NASA ADS] [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  61. Obukhov, A. M. 1941, Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR, 32, 22 [Google Scholar]
  62. Pohl, M., et al., 1997, ApJ, 491, 159 [NASA ADS] [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  63. Prandtl, L. 1925, ZAMM, 5, 136 [Google Scholar]
  64. Prantzos, N., Arnould, M., & Arcoragi, J.-P. 1987, ApJ, 315, 209 [NASA ADS] [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  65. Protheroe, R. J., & Stanev, T. 1997, at the ICRC meeting in Durban, South Africa, OG 3.4.3 [Google Scholar]
  66. Ramaty, R., Kozlovsky, B., Lingenfelter, R. E., & Reeves, H. 1997, ApJ, 488, 730 [NASA ADS] [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  67. Reeves, H. 1974, ARA&A, 12, 437 [NASA ADS] [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  68. Reeves, H. 1994, Rev. Mod. Phys., 66, 193 [NASA ADS] [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  69. Rickett, B. J. 1990, ARA&A, 28, 561 [NASA ADS] [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  70. Sagdeev, R. Z. 1979, Rev. Mod. Phys., 51, 1 [NASA ADS] [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  71. Seemann, H., & Biermann, P. L. 1997, Å, 327, 273 [Google Scholar]
  72. Shibata, T. 1996, 24th Internat. Cosmic Ray Conf., rapporteur talk, Nuovo Cimento, 19C, 713 [Google Scholar]
  73. Shklovskii, I. S. 1953, Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR, 91(3), 475 (Lib. of Congress Transl. RT-1495) [Google Scholar]
  74. Silberberg, R., et al., 1990, ApJ, 363, 265 [NASA ADS] [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  75. Simpson, J. A., & Connell, J. J. 1998, ApJ, 497, L85 [NASA ADS] [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  76. Spitzer, L. Jr. 1968, Diffuse Matter in Space (Interscience Publishers, Wiley, New York) [Google Scholar]
  77. Stanev, T., Biermann, P. L., & Gaisser, T. K. 1993, Å, 274, 902, Paper CR IV [Google Scholar]
  78. Stecker, F. W. 1971, Cosmic Gamma Rays, NASA SP-249 [Google Scholar]
  79. Thum, C., & Morris, D. 1999, Å, 344, 923 [Google Scholar]
  80. Völk, H. J., & Biermann, P. L. 1988, ApJ, 333, L65 [NASA ADS] [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  81. Wiebel-Sooth, B., Biermann, P. L., & Meyer, H. 1998, Å, 330, 389, Paper CR VII [Google Scholar]
  82. Yanagita, S., Nomoto, K., & Hayakawa, S. 1990, Proc. 21st ICRC, Adelaide, Australia, ed. R. J. Protheroe (Univ. of Adelaide, 1990), 4, 44 [Google Scholar]
  83. Zatsepin, V. I. 1995, J. Phys. G, 21, L31 [NASA ADS] [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]

Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.

Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.

Initial download of the metrics may take a while.