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Fig. 5


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Results for the simulations with Nini = 1000, migration turned off (Sa = 0), and the pebble accretion efficiency PA = IGM16. Each row presents a snapshot of the simulations at the time indicated by the timestamp on the left. For the first three columns from the left, the total occurrences of particles across all five random simulations are shown by heat maps with 2 × 2 cells in each minor axis grid cell. The left-most column shows m and a. The next two columns to the right respectively shows the e and i, respectively, against a. The right-most column shows the differential mass distribution of all bodies with each colour corresponds to one of the five simulations. Particles in one of the five simulations (blue) is also plotted with enlarged dots denoting particles above 10−3 M. For 6.5 Myr, i.e. the end of the simulations, particles above 10−3 M in all five simulations are shown individually without using heat maps. Further descriptions are in the text.

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