Best-fit H2O (top) and NH3 (bottom) abundance profiles (with respect to H2) as functions of position in the NGC 1333 IRAS 4A protostellar envelope (full lines) and the L1544 pre-stellar core (dashed lines) based on analysis of HIFI spectra. Note the similarity of the outer water abundance profiles for the pre-stellar core and outer protostellar envelope, and the very different chemical behavior of H2O versus NH3. Based on results from Caselli et al. (2012); Mottram et al. (2013); Caselli et al. (2017) and new analyses (see Fig. 22). The inner hot core H2O abundance for IRAS 4A is taken from Persson et al. (2016).
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