Open Access

Fig. 12

image

Edges of the dead zone, snow-line location, and accretion rate. Top: inner and outer radii of the dead zone (red line) and the snow line (dashed black line). Bottom: accretion rate (solar mass/year) vs. time. Spikes >1 Myrs are FU Orionis-like instabilities and triggers in the innermost region of the dead zone.

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