Variation in mass loss rate Ṁ (in M⊙ yr−1, top) and the angular momentum loss timescale Tℒ (in yr, bottom) as a function of the angular velocity ratio ω for a 15 M⊙ star at ZAMS with Z = 0.02. The dashed lines show the same as the solid line, but with an FMP α′ that has been reduced by 1% to show the sensitivity of Ṁ and Tℒ to FMP variations.
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