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Table 1

Setup of the LOFAR LBA beam-formed observations.

Parameter Value Units
Array setup Core
Number of stationsa 24
Lower frequency 14.7 MHz
Upper frequency 62.4 MHz
Channel bandwidth (b) 3.05 kHz
Number of subbands 244
Channels per subband 64
Time resolution (τr) 10.5 msec
Angular resolutionb 9.2 arcmin
Raw sensitivitycS) 208 Jy
Polarizations IQUV

Notes. (a) The data streams from all stations are combined during the observations. Subsequent data processing deals with this combined data stream. (b) The angular resolution was calculated at 45 MHz (van Haarlem et al. 2013). (c) The theoretical (thermal noise) sensitivity (ΔS) was calculated using the sensitivity equation , where Ssys is the system equivalent flux density (SEFD) and equal to 40 kJy (obtained from LOFAR calibration data; van Haarlem et al. 2013), N is the number of stations used, npol is the number of polarizations (2), b is the channel bandwidth, and τr is the time resolution. ΔS was calculated with the values given in this table.

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