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Table 1

Typical values for normal pulsars (magnetic field strength 107109 T) used as fiducial examples in this paper.

Parameter Symbol Value Comments
Magnetic field strength |Be| 108 T See Manchester et al. (2005) for a detailed list
of individual pulsars
Rotation angular frequency Ω 2π s−1
Neutron star mass M 1.4 M
Neutron star radius R* 1.2 × 104 m
Goldreich Julian density nGJ 1017 m−3 Goldreich & Julian (1969). This is the plasma density
if fully charge-separated
Plasma density in bulk n 1019 m−3 n = (101103)nGJ by Hibschman & Arons (2001)
and Arendt & Eilek (2002)
Temperature T 8 × 106 K From persistent X-ray emissions
of polar cap regions (Kuiper et al. 2002)
Average CS electron Lorentz factor 1000 Numerical simulation by Cerutti et al. (2015)

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